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n Cardiovascular Journal of Africa - An alternative method of transperitoneal graft introduction in aortobifemoral bypass surgery : cardiovascular topic
Introduction : Intestinal injury and bleeding, which usually occurs while taking the graft through the transperitoneal tunnel, is one of the most important complications of aortobifemoral bypass surgery. In this study, case reports were examined where, for some reason, the tunneller instrument could not be used to create the transperitoneal tunnel and the tunnelling forceps was used. In some of these cases, the grafts were taken through conventionally and in others an alternative method was used.
Methods : Between 2002 and 2013, the records of 81 patients treated surgically by aortobifemoral bypass for peripheral arterial disease, were investigated retrospectively. In the conventional method, after creating a tunnel with tunnelling forceps, the forceps was re-introduced into the tunnel and the graft was clasped and brought through the tunnel. In the alternative method, a nylon tape was left as a guide in the tunnel while creating the tunnel, and the forceps was not introduced again. The graft was taken through the tunnel with the help of the nylon tape. Patients treated with the conventional method were included in group 1 (n = 49) and patients in which the graft was guided with nylon tape were included in group 2 (n = 32). The groups were compared peri-operatively.
Results : There were no significant differences between the groups in terms of co-morbidity factors. Extubation time, intensive care length of stay, revision for bleeding, other post- operative complications, and infection and late-term infection rates were similar in the two groups (p > 0.05). Hospital length of stay and blood usage were significantly higher in group 1 (p < 0.05). Drainage amounts were higher in group 1 but not statistically significant.
Conclusion : Using nylon tape to introduce the graft into the femoral area during aortobifemoral bypass operations was found to be more effective than using the tunnelling forceps.
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