oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Ground water development perspectives

Volume 31, Issue 10
  • ISSN : 1021-2000



Owing to the lack of perennial streams in the semi-arid to arid parts, two-thirds of South Africa is largely dependent on ground water. In terms of total water consumption, ground water contributes only about 13 per cent However about 105 towns across South Africa are totally dependent on ground water. Ground water consumption amounted to 1 800 million m3 in 1980 and may grow to about 5 000.106 m3 in the next two to three decades.1 The major users are: Urban use, including industrial and mining use 4% Rural domestic use 7% Stock-watering 6% Irrigation 78% Mining and Quarries 5%

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