oa Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese - Development of water pollution control in South Africa

Volume 31, Issue 10
  • ISSN : 1021-2000



Prior to 1956 As has happened throughout the world, environmental and pollution problems related to developing towns and industries and the associated accumulation of waste in built-up areas were the main factors that contributed to sanitary awareness in this country. Initially the control of water pollution in South Africa was closely associated with the development of sewage disposal methods and practice. In a development similar to that in many other countries, bucket sanitation systems and septic tanks were the first steps on the path of proper sewage disposal. Septic tanks were installed by the British military authorities at various military camps in South Africa. The first municipal scheme to be put into operation was in Bloemfontein. The system consisted of septic tanks and primary and secondary filters, followed by irrigation of 100 ha of cultivated land. Sewage arrived at the works in November 1904, some two months ahead of fairly similar works in Wynberg in the Cape.

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