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- Volume 15, Issue 03, 2013
Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary - Volume 15, Issue 03, 2013
Volumes & issues
Volume 15, Issue 03, 2013
Washing one another's feet as Jesus did : revelatory activities and the progressive sanctification of believersAuthor Annang AsumangSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 15, pp 1 –38 (2013)More Less
While John 13:1â??11 soteriologically interprets the foot-washing as symbolising participation and purification in Jesus, the subsequent John 13:12â??20 ethically interprets the act as a humble self-sacrificing service emanating from love. Scholarly attempts at relating these two tiers of interpretations have sometimes tended to view them as conflicting. The first tier, taken to be christological, is said to be diametrically opposite to the second discipleship-oriented tier. This article draws on recent conceptualisations of Johannine symbolism to argue against this trend. Instead, it proposes that through the foot-washing, Jesus was instructing his disciples to participate in revelatory activities centred on his death. Humble participation in such revelatory activities maintains the cohesion of the fellowship while also triggering their purification in Jesus. This interpretation is supported by 1 John 1:7â??10, a passage thought to be a commentary on the foot-washing.
Author Andrew AucampSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 15, pp 39 –55 (2013)More Less
There is nothing more important than a correct understanding of God. This essay reviews the very common, historic practice of describing God according to his individual attributes. While acknowledging the value of this practice, the limitations are also noted. A complementary approach of describing God according to the broader, relational attributes found in scripture provides a biblical context for the individual attributes, and adds a devotional quality to beholding our glorious God that the historic formulations often neglected.
Author Ken ChanSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 15, pp 57 –83 (2013)More Less
Most commentaries see John 19:42 as the end of the description of Jesus' death and burial, and 20:1 as the beginning of his resurrection account. While this is true of the chronology in the life of Jesus, how does the narrative account of Jesus contribute to John's aim in 20:30-31? This article suggests that the narrative after the death of Jesus in 19:38-20:31 presents two patterns of discipleship: (a) those whose faith is based on seeing the resurrected Jesus, and (b) those who follow him even without having seen his resurrected body. A detailed investigation in the Johannine text of the responses of Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus, Peter, the beloved disciple, Mary Magdalene, and Thomas to the death of Jesus shows that the passage in question is structured chiastically. John 19:38-42 is tied to John 20 and balances 20:30-31. The intent of this chiasm is to emphasise the fact that Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus are disciples par excellence. Their willingness to follow Jesus after his death, even when they did not have the chance to see him resurrected, is exactly the kind of faith called for by John in 20:30-31. The beloved disciple fits this mould to a lesser extent, whereas Thomas and Mary Magdalene do not.
Source: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 15, pp 85 –106 (2013)More Less
The primary purpose of this paper is to develop a biblical model of mentoring with a knowledge management perspective. To this end, four research questions are submitted: (a) what are the components of a biblical model of mentoring with a knowledge management perspective? (b) What are the nature and types of knowledge imparted in a mentoring relationship? (c) What are the impediments to knowledge impartation in a mentoring relationship? (d) What knowledge management strategies can be used to overcome the impediments to knowledge impartation in a mentoring relationship? To address these problems, the Wesleyan quadrilateral approach of doing theology was used.
First, five major components of a biblical model of mentoring with a knowledge perspective can be identified. They are the mentor, the protégé, , the knowledge to be imparted, the mentor-protégé, relationship, and the Holy Spirit. Next, the nature of knowledge imparted can be conceptualised as explicit-tacit-implicit, declarative-procedural-causal, as well as human-social-structured. The types of knowledge imparted cover instruction, encouragement, and inspiration. Third, four main impediments to knowledge impartation are the negative attributes of the mentor, the negative attributes of the protégé, , the characteristics of the knowledge, and the arduous mentor-protégé, relationship. Finally, knowledge management strategies to overcome the impediments to knowledge impartation in a mentoring relationship include mentor motivation, selection and training, a clear developmental path, and constant prayer for the protégé, and an organically-nurtured mentor-protégé relationship to promote trust between them.
Author Neville CurleSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 15, pp 107 –139 (2013)More Less
The twentieth and twenty first-centuries have seen a major debate develop over the role of women in society. For the hierarchicalists represented by the 'Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood', male leadership, as raised in Ephesians 5:24, is critical and overrides all other considerations. To the egalitarian 'Christians for Biblical Equality', mutual submissionâ??as required by Galatians 3:28 and Ephesians 5:21-constitutes the point of departure.
This article explores the possibility of a bridge between the two moderate positions. To do this, the research focuses on four key areas, namely, (1) what is authority and how should it be applied; (2) how does submission relate to that authority; (3) how does authority work within the Trinity where all are equals; and (4) do Paul and Peter's eschatological beliefs assist us in building a bridge between the seemingly irreconcilable passages.
The research concluded that via the application of Paul and Peter's eschatological 'already but 'not yet' beliefs operating in the 'now', a bridge opens up to a third biblical alternative. This view operates across all cultures where 'authority and submission in marriage' is neither hierarchical nor merely mutually submissive, but mutually empowering.
Source: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 15, pp 141 –173 (2013)More Less
Matthew records six instances in which Jesus expressed the idiom 'weeping and gnashing of teeth' (8:12; 13:42; 13:50; 22:13; 24:45; 25:30). The phrase refers to the eschatological fate of the wicked. This article investigates whether those who weep and gnash their teeth suffer physically, or merely spiritually and emotionally. A word study of the 'weeping' and 'gnashing' revealed that both these terms contain within their connotation the aspect of weeping and gnashing of teeth that is a direct result of physical pain. The use of the 'furnace of fire' and 'cut him in pieces' similarly seems to associate the idiom with suffering as a direct result of physical pain.
Destruction of the human embryo in stem cell research and the moral status of the unborn in the South African regulatory framework - a Christian assessmentAuthor Callie JoubertSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 15, pp 175 –206 (2013)More Less
One of the most prominent controversies of the last decade has been human embryo research, as obtaining stem cells typically requires the destruction of the embryo. The South African Bill of Rights excludes the embryo from the right to life, yet, in legislation, it is acknowledged that the unborn can suffer harm. The aim of this paper is to help Christians make sense of this state of affairs. First, it highlights a few anomalies in the South African regulatory framework. It then turns to the scriptures, followed by a clarification of crucially important metaphysical concepts and distinctions without which no position on the moral status of the embryo can be adequately assessed and critiqued. The final section comprises a brief response to three objections to the view that the human embryo is in fact a human person.
Source: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 15, pp 207 –241 (2013)More Less
This essay undertakes a comparative analysis of Psalms 8 and 14. Together, these hymns reveal that the Creator originally bestowed unparalleled dignity on human beings; yet, in their folly, the reprobates chose the path of indignity by rejecting Godâ??s existence and their ultimate accountability to their Creator. Moreover, an examination of both these poems discloses that in a future day, the Lord will judge the wicked and vindicate the upright. Put another way, while condemnation and doom are the fate of evildoers, eternal glory and honour are the destiny of the righteous.
Author William R. DomerisSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 15, pp 245 –263 (2013)More Less
The expression 'publish or perish' has never been truer for one's academic career than it is today. This is little consolation for the would-be academics who have yet to publish their first academic article. So, mindful of the challenges, I offer this article as an encouragement to such scholars. Since this is a personal reflection, and not an attempt at a definitive work on the subject, I will use examples drawn from my own writings.
Source: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 15, pp 265 –278 (2013)More Less
Biblical studies and theology students in masters and doctoral programmes often spend countless hours and several years toiling away in isolation to research and write acceptable theses or dissertations. (In this essay, the preceding two terms are used interchangeably.) It is only natural for them to consider how they might share the fruits of their labour to a wider academic readership. After all, the investigative undertaking is a social enterprise in which students become members of a scholarly community.