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- Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary
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- Volume 5, Issue 03, 2008
Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary - Volume 5, Issue 03, 2008
Volumes & issues
Volume 5, Issue 03, 2008
Powers of darkness : an evaluation of three hermeneutical approaches to the evil powers in EphesiansSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 5, pp 1 –19 (2008)More Less
The Book of Ephesians remains one of the main sources for understanding Paul's doctrine of the nature, influence and conquest of the evil powers. Yet, the process of applying this teaching into the contemporary setting has been fraught with difficulties. The continental differences in worldviews significantly affect the hermeneutical process. This article aims to review a number of current hermeneutical approaches to understanding the nature and influence of the evil powers in Ephesians. Though Paul's teaching is timeless, it is salutary that he refrained from over systematizing the doctrine. The interpretation in the African, Asian and Southern American contexts therefore require a modest appreciation of the shared understanding with the biblical worldview of spirits. Yet, it also necessitates cautious discernment against reinventing superstition.
Be filled with the spirit and not with wine : echoes of the Messianic Banquet in the antithesis of Ephesians 5:18Source: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 5, pp 21 –38 (2008)More Less
Ephesians 5:18 contrasts wine drinking with being filled with the Holy Spirit. There are a number of reasons, both in the text and the socio-cultural context, to suggest that Paul is not primarily addressing an ongoing problem of alcohol abuse in the congregation. Instead, this article will suggest that he is using the antithesis as a double-edged theological foil to descriptionbe the practical inauguration of the Messianic Banquet in the life of the church. Collaborating evidence for this interpretation, which highlights the celebratory mood of the passage, will also be found in Ephesians 2 & 4. Christian worship and mutual submission that is fuelled by the liberating power of the Holy Spirit is a practical foretaste of the forthcoming Messianic Banquet.
Author Christopher L. PepplerSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 5, pp 39 –65 (2008)More Less
This article briefly examines the current return to apostolic Christianity in various parts of the world and references three earlier Christian movements that came into existence at approximately 100-year intervals, beginning with the Methodist movement in the 1700s, culminating with observations of a current apostolic movement that began in the early 1980s, known as New Covenant Ministries International, in an attempt to ascertain how they embraced early apostolic principles. The article highlights the strengths of several movements but also makes observations about how these movements lost their initial effectiveness by becoming institutional and, in many cases, forfeited their initial vision of impacting the world with the gospel of Jesus Christ. We examine possible reasons why these movements lost their fervour and discuss possible ways of how current movements could learn from their mistakes not only maintain their spiritual fervency but sustain their vision and momentum of reaching the nations with the gospel to succeeding generations.
A review and evaluation of diverse Christological opinions among American evangelicals : part 1 : the eternal generation of the SonAuthor William GroverSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 5, pp 67 –80 (2008)More Less
The writer, himself an American evangelical, intends to discuss, in three articles, areas in which American evangelicals disagree about how God the Son relates to God the Father and the meaning and effects of the true humanity and the true deity in Christ. Each position will be defined and exemplified. The rationale offered by proponents of each position is provided. Evaluations are made. This first article focuses primarily on the ancient doctrine of the eternal generation of the Son as held by some American evangelicals but denied by others. The second article will be used to discuss the issue, within the perimeters of evangelicalism in America, of whether God the Son is eternally or temporally only relationally subordinate to God the Father. The final article will be used to address several different understandings within American Evangelicalism regarding incarnational Christology. That article will include meanings given the Kenosis, views about what it means to say that Christ is true Man and true God, and how the two natures in the one Person of Christ relate to each other. Therefore, while this series is certainly connected to more general Trinitarian thought, the articles will be written especially to focus on Christ. Aside from just exposing, perhaps for the first time to some readers, a number of the considerable differences regarding the doctrines of God and Christ held by Trinitarians, it is hoped by the writer that these articles might also provide material useful to some to better understand the blessed Person of Jesus Christ our God, our Lord, and our Savior to Whom be glory forever.
Review article : a short survey of Dutch 'evangelical' New Testament scholarship in the past 25 yearsAuthor Franklin JabiniSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 5, pp 81 –87 (2008)More Less
The term 'evangelical' in a Dutch context needs an explanation. In the Netherlands, this term is used broadly for Christians of different denominational backgrounds, such as Reformed, Pentecostal, Baptist and Brethren. Evangelical in this context is 'conservative', or as some prefer 'faithful to Scripture'.
Source: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 5, pp 89 –112 (2008)More Less
Psalm 90 is a communal lament authored by Moses in which he sought the wisdom and favor of the Lord. Perhaps toward the end of the Israelites' 40-year period of wandering in the desert, the great lawgiver, intercessor, and advocate of God's people reflected on the brevity of human existence, especially against the backdrop of Yahweh's eternality. Moses noted that even the strongest and healthiest of people are frail and transient before the all-powerful Creator of the universe. Only He, in His grace and mercy, can bring enduring value out of the toils and troubles experienced by His loyal followers. Likewise, He alone can fill the lives of the covenant community with productivity, joy, and satisfaction for His glory.
Source: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 5, pp 115 –135 (2008)More Less
The author uses the concept of the ""divine sabotage"" as a starting point for an exegetical and theological study of Ecclesiastes 3. He notes that on the one hand, God has ""set eternity in the human heart"" (v. 11). Yet, on the other hand, ""no one can fathom what God has done from beginning to end"". The author explains that God has imposed limitations on the human race that undermine their efforts to look beyond the present-especially to understand the past and probe into the future. Expressed differently, because people are creatures of time, their heavenly-imposed finitude subverts their ability to fathom the eternal plan of God. An objective, balanced, and affirming examination of Solomon's treatise indicates that the fundamental quality of life is defined by revering God and heeding His commandments (cf. 12:13).
Author Anna-Marie LockardSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 5, pp 135 –167 (2008)More Less
One of the most divisive issues facing the Christian church today is the ubiquitous issue of the acceptance of homosexual behaviour within the parameters of church leadership. Revisionist theologians contend that the church must redress her stance on this issue to keep in step with the prevailing culture of the day, which favours the acceptance of homosexual behaviour due to its proposed biological determinism. This article analyses this divisive issue from four perspectives: (a) historical attitudes towards homosexuality in a variety of cultures across time, (b) empirical studies regarding the causation of homosexual orientation, (c) the witness of scripture and (d) the implications for pastoral ministry.
Source: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 5, pp 169 –184 (2008)More Less
The purpose of this article is to provide a readable descriptionption of direct translation, an approach that emerges logically from a relevance theoretical perspective on communication. Direct translation is an approach that strives to attain the highest possible level of resemblance to the source text. It does this by transferring the source's communicative clues and requiring readers to familiarise themselves with the its context, an assumption that minimises the need to provide contextually implicit information, explicate figurative language, adopt inclusive language or remove ambiguities. It values a good balance between naturalness and literalness, prioritising naturalness when these two conflict.
Evaluating the changing face of worship in the Emerging Church in terms of the ECLECTIC Model : revival or a return to ancient traditions?Author Noel B. WoodbridgeSource: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 5, pp 185 –205 (2008)More Less
The desired approach to worship in the Emerging Church is a revival of liturgy and other ancient traditions, brought back with life and meaning. The aim of this paper is to answer the question: Is Emerging Worship a modern-day revival or is it merely a return to ancient traditions? In particular, an attempt will be made to evaluate some of the common values or characteristics of Emerging worship gatherings in terms of the ECLECTIC model. The paper concludes with a summary of the strengths and weaknesses of Emerging Worship and provides recommendations regarding the application of Emerging Worship in today's church.
Source: Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary 5, pp 207 –208 (2008)More Less