n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Measuring the ability of the police to prevent crime : could this assist in stressing the importance of crime prevention?

Volume 29 Number 1
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



Police effectiveness has traditionally been measured by the reactive capabilities of the police in dealing with the crime that has already been committed. Although crime prevention has been regarded as a critical function of the police, not much research has been done on the way the police should be measured on this function. Even though police crime statistics indicate the overall success largely of crime prevention capabilities of the police, at operational level, police effectiveness is mostly measured by factors such as reaction time, clearance rate and arrest. These well-established traditional methods of measuring police performance, are important factors for crime prevention through general deterrence, and will be indicated in this article. This article proposes the inclusion of actionable intelligence and community indicators to ensure the comprehensive measurement of both the proactive and reactive activities of the police.

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