n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Operational strategies for public order policing : a South African case study

Volume 29 Number 2
  • ISSN : 1012-8093



In policing circles, 1994 will be remembered as the time when great changes occurred in the South African Police (SAP) (newly renamed the South African Police Service). A paradigm shift was made towards policing within a human rights culture. This period was a political watershed for South Africa. At the time an almost 'seismic' shift can be said was being made from a repressive police state to a democracy, which required the application of democratic policing principles and values. Since policing is and remains one of the most important mechanisms in social control, a meaningful balance needed to be found between persuasive and enforced control in the new South Africa. From 1976 to 2015 the conduct of the Public Order Police (POP) has been questioned by the public and four Commissions of Inquiry. The aim of this article was to examine the policy and legislative framework, the recommendations of the four Commissions of Inquiry, and to conceptually analyse operational strategies for public order policing. It was found that the policy and legislative framework, together with the recommendations of the Commissions of Inquiry, provided details regarding structure and functioning within the constraints of the Constitution and the law. This article recommends operational strategies to strengthen public order policing.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error