Commonwealth Youth and Development - Volume 3, Issue 2, 2005
Volume 3, Issue 2, 2005
Churches and HIV / Aids : exploring how local churches are integrating HIV / Aids in the life and ministries of the churchAuthor Daniela GennrichSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 3, pp 5 –38 (2005)More Less
The article begins with a consideration of the relevance, scope and limitations of this study as well as the methodology. After offering a very brief literature review, a description and analysis of the most pertinent results are offered, and some emerging issues are discussed. The article concludes with a summary of the key themes as well as recommendations to churches, the Pietermaritzburg Agency for Christian Social Awareness and such organisations.
Author Stefan E. GermannSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 3, pp 39 –53 (2005)More Less
A distressing consequence of the HIV / Aids pandemic and of the increasing numbers of orphans and decreasing numbers of caregivers is the emergence in ever larger numbers of child-headed households (CHHs). The complexity of issues affecting CHHs and the lack of research on this subject means that CHHs are not well understood. This sometimes prompts support agencies to provide emotionally driven recommendations suggesting that it is better for a child to be in an orphanage than to live in a CHH. This article, which is drawn from findings of an exploratory study (Germann 2005) involving heads of 105 CHHs over a 12-month period and 142 participants in various focus group discussions (FGD) and interviews, suggests the need for a change in perspective. It addresses the question of quality of life of CHH and coping strategies and household functioning and attempts to bring this into a productive dialogue with community child care activities, NGO and statutory support, and child care and protection policies.
Author M.J. KellySource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 3, pp 54 –64 (2005)More Less
Increasing the salience of schooling in countering the Aids epidemic suggests the need to confront many of the challenges posed by current education and school systems. The author considers these and proposes the ideal of schools that have been transformed into multipurpose development and welfare institutions that provide, among other things, formal and non-formal education. Although this poses many challenges, it can be accomplished through a willingness to think differently, a thorough reexamination of the meaning and purpose of education in a world with HIV and Aids, the establishment of effective partnerships, and the dynamic involvement of communities.
Source: Commonwealth Youth and Development 3, pp 65 –83 (2005)More Less
The lack of engagement in e-business by small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), important contributors to economic activity, is of increasing concern to researchers and policy makers. This article explores the current situation of electronic commerce (e-commerce) in the South African arts and crafts sector. The empirical evidence draws on 77 enterprise-level interviews. The research findings reveal that e-commerce has not yet developed among the rural SME operators with socio-technical factors and current business practices heavily influencing the situation.
This article uses a conceptual framework that includes theoretical contributions from information and communication technology (ICT) adoption by SMEs, and e-business literature in an industry-specific context, the South African arts and crafts sector. Current levels of e-business adoption are considered through the use of survey research. The sector is investigated within the conceptual framework, resulting in recommendations that include training on ICT applications and benefits of e-commerce through social mobilisation strategies such as infomobilisation.
Author Howard SercombeSource: Commonwealth Youth and Development 3, pp 84 –95 (2005)More Less
This article seeks to explore the meaning of power in the context of youth work. It proposes a theory of power in which power is seen as a mutual relation, and is given up, or 'ceded' to another person. Primarily, this is a relation of cooperation, but often is corrupt or oppressive. The article explores this view, and extrapolates from the theory ideas of what common ethical terms such as 'empowerment', 'dependency', 'corruption' and 'exploitation' might mean in the context of youth work practice.