1887

oa Discourse - Regulating global governance

Volume 37, Issue 2
  • ISSN :

 

Abstract

One of the many serious ramifications of the global financial meltdown of 2008-09 is that it exposed the weaknesses in the international governance architecture, and highlighted the need to construct a new global order. Within the context of its global governance strategies, South Africa have long emphasised three interrelated areas of poverty : underdevelopment; peace and security; and global power relations. As South Africans are still reeling from the effects of this crisis, one on the challenges facing the government with its already overburdened policy agenda is to play an activist role globally so as to try and mitigate the consequences of the global crisis in the short to medium term, and to try and prevent another crisis in the medium to long term. South Africa could contemplate a three-pronged strategy as it seeks to make an urgent contribution to transforming global order and help bring about a "rules-based" international society, one that would be able to respond more decisively to future international crises. The South African government could focus on three broad areas : (1) globalisation; (2) global political and security governance; and (3) global economic and development architecture.

Een van die ernstige nagevolge van die wêreldwye finansiële inploffing van 2008-09 is dat dit die swakhede in die internasionale regeringsargitektuur blootgelê het en die behoefte aan 'n nuut ontwerpte wêreldorde beklemtoon het. Binne die konteks van sy wêreldregeringstrategieë, het Suid-Afrika lank reeds drie verwante gebiede van armoede beklemtoon : onderontwikkeling; vrede en sekuriteit; en wêreldwye magsverhoudinge. Terwyl Suid-Afrikaners nog steier onder die gevolge van hierdie krisis, is een van die uitdagings waar voor die regering te staan kom, benewens sy oorlaaide beleidsagenda, om wêreldwyd die rol van aktivis te vertolk om te probeer om die gevolge van die wêreldwye krisis op kort tot medium termyn te versag, en te probeer om nog 'n krisis op medium tot lang termyn te voorkom. Suid-Afrika kan 'n drieledige strategie oorweeg om 'n uiters noodsaaklike bydrae te probeer lewer om die wêreldorde te transformeer om 'n "reëlgebaseerde" internasionale samelewing te vestig wat in die toekoms met groter beslistheid op internasionale krisisse sal reageer. Die Suid-Afrikaanse regering kan op drie breë gebiede fokus : (1) globalisering; (2) wêreldwye politieke en sekuriteitrsregering; en (3) wêreldwye ekonomiese en ontwikkelingsargitektuur.

Ye nngwe ya ditlamorago tše ntši tše kotsi tša go theoga ga ditšhelete ga lefase ka bophara ga 2008-2009 ke gore e utolla bofokodi bja sebopego sa boditšhabatšhaba sa pušo, gape e bonagatša hlokego ya aga tlhatlamano ye mpsha ya tšhomišanokakaretšo, a seemo sa yona sa maano a pušo a lefase ka bophara, Afrika Borwa ke kgale e gatelela mafapha a mararo ao a tsenelanago a bodiidi : go se hlabologe; khutšo le polokego; ledikamano tša maatla tša lefase ka bophara. Ka ge maAfrika Borwa a sa thekesela go tšwa go ditlamorago tša khuduego ye, ye nngwe ya dihlotlo tšeo mmušo o lebanego natšo ka lenaneothero la yona leo le šetšego le imelwa, ke go kgatha tema bjalo ka mohlohleletši wa lefase ka bophara e le go leka go fokotša ditlamorago tša khuduego ya lefase ka bophara ka go lebaka le le kopana go iša go la magareng, le go leka go thibela khuduego ye nngwe gape ka go lebaka la magareng go iša go le le telele. Afrika Borwa e ka akanya maano a magato a mararo ge e tsoma go dira kabelo ya potlako go tlhatlamano ya phetogo ya lefase ka bophara le go thuša go tliša setšhaba sa boditšhabatšhaba seo se "theilwego godimo ga melao", seo se tla kgonago go arabela ka tetelo go dikhuduego tša ka moso tša boditšhabatšhaba. Mmušo wa Afrika Borwa o ka beašedi ya wona go mafapha a mararo ao a phatlaletšego : (1) tšhomišanokakaretšo ya lefase; (2) pušo ya tšhomišanokakaretšo ya sepolitiki le polokego; le (3) sebopego sa tšhomišanokakaretšo sa ekonomi le tlhabollo.

Omunye wemphumela eminingi ebucayi yobuncibilika kwezezimali emhlabeni jikelele kuka2008-2009 ukuthi kuputshise ubuthakathaka bokumiswa komboso womhlaba, kwagqamisa isidingo sokwakha uhlelo olusha lomhlaba jikelele. Enqikithini yamasu okubusa umhlaba jikelele, iNingizimi Afrika igqamise imikhakha emithathu yenhlupheko ethintanayo : intuthuthuko entulekile, ukuthula nokuphepha, nobudlelwano bamandla omhlaba jikelele. Njengoba abantu base Ningizimi Afrika besalulama emiphumeleni yalekrayisisi, enye yezinqinamba ezibhekene nohulumeni osindwa ngumthwalo wamaajenda wezinqubomgomo ukudlala indima enyakazayo emhlabeni jikelele ukuzama ukuthambisa imphumela yekrayisisi yomhlaba jikelele esikhathini esiphakathi, kanye nokunqanda enye ikrayisisi esikhathini esiphakathi ukuya kweside. INingizimi Afrika ingaceba ngesu elihlukane kathathu njengoba ifuna ukuphonsa itshe esivavaneni ekuguquleni uhlelo lomhlaba jikelele ekwakheni umphakathi "osekelwe imithetho", ongakwazi ukuphendula ngendlela enqamulayo kumakrayisisi omhlaba angase abekhona. Uhulumeni weNingizimi Afrika ungabukisisa ezindaweni ezintathu ezibanzi : (1) iglobalisation, (2) ipolitiki nokubuswa kokuphepha emhlabeni jikelele; kanye (3) nokumiswa komnotho nentuthuthuko emhlabeni jikelele.

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/content/discourse/37/2/EJC31199
2009-12-01
2016-12-09

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