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- Volume 1965, Issue 3, 1965
East African Geographical Review - Volume 1965, Issue 3, 1965
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Volume 1965, Issue 3, 1965
Source: East African Geographical Review 1965, pp 1 –16 (1965)More Less
To many people in East Africa the name of Clement Gillman is chiefly associated with one of the peaks of Africa's highest mountain, Kilimanjaro. To the student of geography he is perhaps best known for his maps of the population and of the vegetation-types of Tanganyika. Gillman's contribution to the elucidation of the character of the East African environment and of the problems posed by that environment was, however, far wider and deeper than this. In the course of reading and research on many topics within the field of the geography of East Africa one frequently finds notes, articles, reviews and letters emanating from his fertile mind, and it seems appropriate, almost twenty years after his death, to collect together a bibliography of his principal publications together with a short account of his life and work. 1.
Source: East African Geographical Review 1965, pp 17 –26 (1965)More Less
Sukumaland is in general an area of considerable population pressure. Available data indicates that population is particularly concentrated along the coastal margins of Lake Victoria east of Smith Sound, where rural densities range between 150 and 200 per square mile. Away from the lake margin district densities are markedly lower, ranging between 30 and 70 per square mile (Tanganyika Census, 1963). The lacustrine margins which support this present relatively high 'density of population have shown a static or declining population in the intercensal period 1948-57. This is particularly prominent in the Mwanza district where an absolute loss of numbers must be an expression of outward movement by emigration to, the west. In the previous intercensal period, 1934-48. Malcolm (1953) was able to demonstrate clearly a marked immigration into these lake-fringe areas from the interior of the district.
Author A.M. O'ConnorSource: East African Geographical Review 1965, pp 27 –35 (1965)More Less
Tea and sugar cane occupy only a very small proportion of an cultivated land in Uganda, but both make a substantial contribution to the cash economy and both are of !increasing importance to-day. As indicated in the table below, sugar is the more important of the two in terms of acreage and of value of production, but tea is at present expanding more rapidly than sugar, so that this difference is being reduced.1
Author R.A. BullockSource: East African Geographical Review 1965, pp 37 –45 (1965)More Less
The written history of much of inland Kenya dates only from the end of the last century and for economic geographers at least is dominated by the interaction of British policy and indigenous practices. Much of the present economic geography of the country was determined not by the interplay of economic and other forces with which we are familiar but by the stroke of an often remote pen reacting more often than not to political pressures. Thus in the neighourhood of Muguga. fourteen miles west of Nairobi. in Kenya's Central Region (Fig. 1). there developed two distinct landscapes. One was at least African. if not indigenous to the local area. The other was alien. Both developed in the half-century following British penetration. The unity of the former Wandorobo habitat was destroyed as two immigrant cultures stamped their allotted areas with what must at the time have seemed their indelible mark. In Europe and elsewhere. cultures have come and gone over the centuries and rarely have their traces been completely obliterated so that we have come to think of landscape change as an evolutionary process. The landscape changes considered here have more in common with revolution than with evolution. as will be shown following a resume of the changes that have taken place near Muguga.
Source: East African Geographical Review 1965, pp 47 –49 (1965)More Less
The most important aspect of the development of the Pangani river basin has so far been the exploitation of its high hydro-electric potential which derives from a combination of favourable factors. The successive rapids on the lower reaches of the river provide a head of water which facilitates the installation of hydroelectric power plants. The Pangani has a high minimum flow mainly due to the contribution of a number of springs in the foothills of Kilimanjaro. The character of the river permits a gradual expansion of generating capacity and therefore avoids the problem of spare capacity consequent upon a large investment while the demands for power grows. Much the most important of these considerations, however, is the fact that the bulk of the power generated in Tanzania is consumed in the north and east, that is in the Coast, Tanga. Moshi and parts of Arusha and Morogoro Regions and all these can be economically supplied with hydro-electric power from the Pangani.
Source: East African Geographical Review 1965, pp 49 –50 (1965)More Less
The significance of the establishment of two new processing industries at Dar es Salaam is two-fold: it is the first time in Tanzania's history that significant quantities of two important primary commodities, sisal and cashew, are retained for industrial processes; and, because of the limited local demand for the products, the industries will not merely displace imports but also develop a remunerative export trade.
Source: East African Geographical Review 1965, pp 51 –52 (1965)More Less
Amongst several recent railway developments in East Africa the proposal to link the Copperbelt of Zambia with the Central Tanzania line has aroused widespread interest and controversy. A southward spur from the central line from Kilosa reached Mikumi in 1962 and will reach Kidatu in 1965; the immediate purpose of this branch line is to facilitate the agricultural development of the fertile Kilombero Valley, where sugar cultivation has been particularly successful with Government help. This line may in due course be continued as far as Makumbako.
Source: East African Geographical Review 1965, pp 53 –58 (1965)More Less
The aim of the present paper is to provide an up-to-date appraisal of the current position of East African geological mapping. Such an exercise may be justified upon a number of grounds. Firstly, there is no cover diagram of East African geological mapping as a whole, and although the various national geological survey departments produce annual status diagrams these are not directly comparable with one another and the total East African picture is lost. Secondly, the speed of production of maps and reports and the progress of basic mapping have been so rapid in the last few years, particularly as a result of the application of aerial survey, that it becomes increasingly difficult to keep abreast of the changes. Thirdly, it is considered that if the present availability of data is made more widely known, more use will be made of, and greater benefit obtained from, the products of the various geological survey departments.