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- Volume 9, Issue 1, 2015
Global Media Journal - African Edition - Volume 9, Issue 1, 2015
Volume 9, Issue 1, 2015
Author Ibrahim SalehSource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 9, pp 1 –10 (2015)More Less
It has become a pattern to find academics, professionals and students of journalism bragging with the scope, techniques and dilemmas of investigative journalism. But there is one gaping hole: nowhere was information collated about the heroic contributions, and often the sacrifices, that were made for the profession by African investigative journalists across Africa. Writing a history or complete account of African investigative journalism is outside the scope of this article. But I am trying to offer here a series of contributions - some current, some historical - on the topic of safety of journalists, that will, hopefully, lay the foundations for further research, and also lay to rest decisively the myth that journalism which exposes social problems and criticizes the powerful is 'un-African'.
Author Simeon H.O. AlozieuwaSource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 9, pp 11 –32 (2015)More Less
The reality of the impact of the media on violent conflict has become a global phenomenon. In Nigeria, this reality is obviously driving the growing desiratum for the instituting of peace journalism. Owing to its complex make-up, however, but essentially as a result of a lack of a national resolve to forge a truly united nation, Nigeria has remained a country where ethnicity, regionalism and religion are objective factors of daily life. General perception tends, therefore, to cast the country's media as influenced by these primordial pulls, especially in times of crisis. This paper, however, argues that rather than primordial considerations, the Nigerian media is fundamentally driven by an ideology of conflict into which it was born; within which it was nurtured and which it has internalized from the colonial through immediate post-independence political era to the authoritarian military period. Thus the Nigerian media tends to operate with a siege mentality and as a media in captivity. The paper posits that until the media weans itself from this orientation, its perception of issues will continue to be shaped by the ideology of conflict, in which case the efforts at peace journalism may remain a mirage.
Author Francis C. ChishalaSource: Global Media Journal - African Edition 9, pp 33 –46 (2015)More Less
Online news media have spurred new concerns for a new ethics for online-journalism. Many online news media are unregulated and often cross the line in their reporting negating journalism ethics as practiced in the mainstream media. Questions that arise given the ethical challenges of online-journalism are whether online new media are exempt for ethical standards practiced in society or whether they require a new and different sets of ethics specific for online media. How do online media managers, editors and journalists approach their practice in relation to upholding journalistic integrity? This paper seeks to address these ethical issues by way of a case study with the Zambian Watchdog. Through critical analysis and speculation, the paper provides suggestions that online news managers, editors and journalists would apply if they were to be considered ethically astute.
Source: Global Media Journal - African Edition 9, pp 47 –62 (2015)More Less
Few can succeed as practitioners in mass communications without mastering the principles and practices of broad areas of knowledge that comprise the basic ingredients of college education. However, these principles have to be ingrained in the teaching curriculum of every media college. This study aims to establish how the journalism syllabi for training diploma and certificate students in middle level colleges in the Eldoret Municipality of Kenya are developed. The study targeted 18 colleges with a total target population of 72 participants. That is three class representatives from each college (54), and the 18 heads of journalism departments. Due to the small number of the target population, a Census technique was used in the collection of data from class representatives and heads of departments from the 18 colleges. The study collected data from sampled respondents by using questionnaires and interview schedules. The questionnaires were both open-ended and closed-ended, and Likert scaling was used to measure either a positive or negative response to a statement. The findings of the study showed that there was no standardized form of curriculum implementation and journalism tutors did not participate in curriculum development. The study recommends the establishment of a strong link between journalism training institutions and other stakeholders such as the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD), and the Ministry of Education Science and Technology to effectively serve society.
Source: Global Media Journal - African Edition 9, pp 63 –79 (2015)More Less
Nigeria is once again in the news, not for the nation's problems with the terrorist group Boko Haram, nor our mirage of economic problems plaguing Nigeria; rather we are attracting the attention of the world because we are on the verge of another major election in the country. An election that might see a change in leadership, thereby removing President Goodluck Jonathan from Aso Rock Villa, or one that might win him a mandate to remain for another four years as president of one of the richest countries in Africa. This election holds a lot of meaning for Nigerians, and for Africa generally, due to the fact that there has been an incessant call for change of leadership or leadership style as the incumbent has maintained a seemingly lackadaisical attitude in the face of rampant corruption and Boko Haram's continued reign of unabated terror on Nigerians in the north. Both foreign media and local media alike have reported numerous bombings, killings and corruption cases in Nigeria as well as having shown keen interest in the outcome of the next general election in Nigeria. On November 11, 2014, President Jonathan declared his intention to run for re-election come February 2015. This declaration has elicited different responses from different media outlets all over the world as there has been some doubt about the President's intention to run. This paper examines both Western and indigenously owned media depictions of this declaration. The author has made use of Van Dijk's Social Ideological Discourse Theory and Ideological Square Theory. It was found that although both news articles reported on the same issue, they are still very different with regard to macropropositions and Local meanings. The ideology and personal perception of the writers is reflected clearly in the way the news articles are written.
ICTs, mobile telephony and politics in Africa : the end of the "communication for development" paradigm?Source: Global Media Journal - African Edition 9, pp 80 –104 (2015)More Less
The mobile telephone has become an established research subject in many regions of the world. Government officials and business leaders work equally to devise the best way to take advantage of what mobile telephony has to offer in Africa. The growing interest in mobile telephony in this part of the world inspires us to reflect upon the manner in which theory can contribute to better understanding the growth, use and impact of mobile telephony in Africa according to its relationship with politics. In this sense, our goal here is two-fold: identify the social and theoretical context in which issues related to mobile telephony and politics in Africa insert themselves; and to analyze the traditional theories regarding information and communication technologies (ICTs) in Africa in relation to politics. New theoretical approaches for thinking about mobile telephony in Africa are also proposed in order to understand the new paradigms that are at stake in the continent's development.