1887

n Health SA Gesondheid - Psychosocial correlates of health practices in black South African university students

Volume 6, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1025-9848
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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and psychosocial correlates of health practices among young male and female adults. The sample included 793 Black University students from non-health courses chosen at random from the University of the North, South Africa. The students were 370 (46.7%) males and 423 (53.3%) females in the age range of 18 to 25 years (M age=21.0 years, SD=3.48). The assessment measures included a Health Practices Index, the Health Locus of Control Scale, Health as a Value Scale, subjective health status, subjective well-being, health benefits, and health status. Results indicated that participants practiced on average above 7 healthy behaviours from a total of 14. There was a significant sex difference in the health practices index, since on average the women's behaviour was more healthy than that of men in terms of tobacco use, alcohol consumption, seat belt use, and cancer self-examination, but men exercised more regularly than women. Above 70% of the participants practiced the following health behaviours: brushing teeth once or more per day, non-tobacco use, very occasional or no alcohol, limited red meat, and never sunbathed or used suncreen in that order. Formal education of the mother, internal locus of control and worse health status were positively associated with the health practices index. Other sociodemographic (age, SES, religion) and psychological (health value, health benefits) factors were not significantly related to healthy practices.

Die doel van die navorsing was om die voorkeur en die korrelasies van psigososiale gesondheidspraktyke van jong manlike en vroulike volwassenes te bestudeer. Die steekproef bestaan uit 793 studente van die Universiteit van die Noorde in Suid-Afrika wat nie geregistreer is vir kursusse in die gesondheidswetenskappe nie. Die studente is ewekansig toegewys. Van die studente was 370 mans (46.7%) en 423 (53.4%) dames. Almal was in die ouderdomsgroep van 18 tot 25 jaar (Gemiddelde ouderdom = 21.0 en standaardafwyking =3.48). Die metingsinstrumente het die volgende ingesluit: "Health Practice Index, Health Locus of Control Scale, Health as a value Scale, Subjective health Status, Subjective well-being, Health benefits, Health Status". Die resultate dui daarop dat die studente se gesondheidsgedrag uit `n totaal van 14 bogemiddeld bo 7 meet. Daar was `n beduidende verskil tussen die geslagte in die resultate van die "Health Practice Index". Die dames se gedrag was gemiddeld gesonder as die van die mans in terme van tabakgebruik, alkoholinname, gebruik van sitplekgordels en selfondersoek vir kanker. Mans het meer gereeld as dames aan oefening deelgeneem. Meer as 70% van die studente het die volgende gesondheidspraktyke nagekom: tande borsel een of meer keer per dag, nie gebruik van tabak, geen alkoholgebruik of ongereelde alkoholinname, beperkte gebruik van rou rooivleis, en geen deelname aan sonbad nie. Formele opvoeding deur die moeder, interne lokus van kontrole en swak gesondheid is positief verbind met die "Health Practice Index". Ander sosiodemografiese faktore soos ouderdom, godsdiens asook sielkundige faktore soos "health values, health benefits" was nie beduidend verbind met gesondheidspraktyke nie.

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/content/health/6/3/EJC35189
2001-10-01
2016-12-11

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