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n HTS : Theological Studies - 'Die pen is magtiger as die swaard' : oor skrifgeletterdheid, skrifgeleerdes en Israel se Tweede Tempeltydperk : original research
'The pen is mightier than the sword': Literacy and scribes in Israel during the Second Temple period.
This article is divided in two parts. Part one examines scribal education and scribes in the ancient Near East and Israel. Although no real evidence exists for scribal schools and education in Israel, it is argued that some form of institutionalised training must have taken place in order to produce literary texts of such a high quality as are found in the Hebrew Bible. Comparative material from Mesopotamia serves to trace the education of scribes in general. Part two focuses on the Second Temple period in ancient Israel. Ezra the scribe emerges as a typical scribe from that era. Post-exilic Israel was grappling with its identity.
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