1887

n Historia - Transkei transport : the twentieth century transition

Volume 38, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0018-229X
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Abstract


Vervoer in Transkei is met die instelling van spoordienste en gemotoriseerde vervoer die eerste helfte van die twintigste eeu geleidelik gemoderniseer. Die instelling van nuwe wyses van openbare vervoer is meestal deur die Suid-Afrikaanse Spoorweë as parastatale instelling onderneem, vir wie die tegnologie en ekonomie van kapitaal-intensiewe bedryfsaangeleenthede van deurslaggewende belang was. Beperkings van roetebepaling, stilhouplekke, roosterbeplanning en kapasiteit is moeilik begryp en was van die belangrikste probleme waarmee die Transkeise bevolking te doen gehad het. Swart figure wat tot die land se hooste adviesliggaam verkies is, het op gereelder en intensiewer spoor- en busdienste aangedring en bykomende en beter trein- en busstilhouplekke en beskutting bepleit. Die regstelling van diensgebreke wat sonder groot uitgawes kon geskied, is onderneem. Veranderinge aan die infrastruktuur is deur mededinging van padvervoer uit die privaatsektor, die swak toestand van paaie en die beperkte omvang van die passasiers- en vragvervoermarksegmente gekortwiek. Modernisering van vervoer het die vervanging van inheemse, individualistiese en buigsame pre-industriële bedryfsaksies deur uitheemse vervoer behels, waarvan die beperkte toeganklikheid tegnologies, geografies, finansieel en bestuurskundig was.

In the first half of the twentieth century, transportation in the Transkei was gradually modernised by the introduction of railway services and motorised road transport. The provision of new forms of public transport was undertaken chiefly by the parastatal South African Railways for which the technology and economics of capital intensive transport operations were overriding concerns. The restrictions of routeing, stopping, timetabling, and capacity, were poorly understood and were among the major difficulties that Transkeians experienced. Africans elected to the territory's highest advisory body pressed for more frequent and extensive railway and bus services, and pleaded for additional and better train and bus stopping places and shelters. Service deficiencies that could be remedied without great expense were addressed. Infrastructural changes were curtailed by private sector road competition, the abject state of the roads, and the limited size of the passenger and freight transport markets. Transport modernisation involved the replacement of indigenous, individualistic and flexible pre-industrial operations by exotic transport whose limited access was technological, geographical, financial and managerial.

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/content/hist/38/1/EJC37769
1993-05-01
2016-12-09

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