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n Historia - The Bakwena ba Magopa (North West Province, South Africa): consequences of a forced removal, 1983-1994

Volume 47, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0018-229X
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Abstract

'n Besonder sensitiewe saak wat al hoe meer op die voorgrond kom in Suid-Afrika, is die herverdeling van grond en aansprake wat deur verskeie groepe gemaak word op grond wat hulle moes afstaan na 1913 en selfs vroeër. Gedurende die tydperk 1960 tot 1983 is sowat 3,5 miljoen Suid-Afrikaners geraak deur die hervestigingsbeleid van die toenmalige apartheidsregerings. Om hierdie saak aan te spreek, maak die Heropbou- en Ontwikkelingsplan voorsiening vir die vestiging en implementering van 'n nasionale grondherverdelingsplan met betrekking tot die vroeëre onreg van gedwonge verskuiwings en die historiese ontkenning van toegang tot grond. 'n Treffende voorbeeld van onreg waaronder gely is, is dié van die Bakwena ba Mogopa. Hierdie artikel behandel kortliks die redes vir die gedwonge verskuiwing, die uitvoer van die verskuiwingsproses en weerstandpogings deur die Bakwena. End

A particularly sensitive issue, which is gaining prominence in South Africa, is the redistribution of land and claims made by various groups to land, which they were to surrender after 1913 and even earlier. During the period 1960 to 1983, some 3,5 million South Africans were affected by the resettlement policy of former apartheid governments. To address this situation, the Reconstruction and Development Plan make provision for the establishment and implementation of a national land redistribution plan to address effectively the injustices of forced removals and the historical denial of access to land. A striking example of injustices suffered due to forced removals in the North West Province, is that of the Bakwena ba Mogopa. This article deals briefly with the reasons of the forced removal, the execution of the removal process and attempts made by the Bakwena to resist and focuses on the following: Social consequences; Economic consequences; Consequences regarding the internal political organisation of the Bakwena; and consequences regarding infrastructure. End

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/content/hist/47/1/EJC38051
2002-05-01
2016-12-09

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