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- Volume 12, Issue 2, 2004
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 12, Issue 2, 2004
Volumes & issues
Volume 12, Issue 2, 2004
Author Dismas NyamwanaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 1 –16 (2004)More Less
students living in China. 181 participants took part in the study and completed the Expatriate Adaptation Inventory (EAI). The data gathered through this inventory were completed by those got through fieldwork method. The results of this research indicate that African students feel homesick in high frequency; they have mixed feelings towards the host country, and are moderately satisfied with life in China. <br>Consequently, all African students experience culture shock to a high degree. <br>Further, the social contact turned out to be a vital factor in lightening the students' process of adjustment in the host country. Besides, African female students seem to experience culture shock more than do African male students while those who have experience abroad can manage to live in China more than those who have never been abroad before coming in China. The participants state that they suffer not only from what they call a "soft racism" but also from the Chinese people apparent belief in sociodarwinism theory.
Author Ajibola. O. FalayeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 17 –26 (2004)More Less
This study investigated predictive factors that can influence the sexual behaviour of Nigerian adolescents. The research deviates from the conventional dichotomy and perception of determining sexual behaviour among adolescents as those who have had sexual intercourse or not. The research assumption is based on the fact that specific attitudes can predict or explain elicited behaviour. Four predictors of non-cognitive assessment of sexual behaviours were highlighted. A survey using 599 male and female in-school adolescents (290 males and 309 females) whose mean age was 17.3 years, established the significance of the predictive factors that can influence sexual behaviour of subjects. Multiple regression analysis showed that the four independent constructs perceived by the researcher adequately predict adolescent sexual behaviour (R2 = .99098, f = 16311.03). Implications for adolescent sex counselling are highlighted.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 27 –38 (2004)More Less
The present study considered the influence of self-esteem, locus of control and computer expertise on computer-induced stress in a cross sectional survey. One hundred and fifty cyber café users drawn from 10 cyber cafes randomly chosen from University of Ibadan and its environs participated in the study. Of the 150 respondents, 27 (31.3%) were females while 103 (68.7%) were males; mean age was 25.41 with a standard deviation of 7.00. Result indicated that the main effect of self-esteem was significant, F (1, 142)=6.32, P<. 05. Computer expertise also had a significant effect on computer-induced stress F (1, 142) =28.04, P<. 001. As hypothesized, high self-esteem persons reported lower level of computer-induced stress than low self-esteem persons. Also, people with higher level of computer expertise reported lower computer-induced stress than people with less computer expertise. The implication and results were discussed and suggestions for further studies were highlighted in the light of the findings.
Author Peter O. OlapegbaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 39 –47 (2004)More Less
Sexual harassment is a form of sexual violence that has become a social problem in our society, in the world, over there are accusations and counter accusations of one form of sexual harassment or the other in the work place. The academic environment is not left out of this problem, in fact, the prevalence and dimensions of the problem in the academic world is rather alarming and its effects on the psychological well-being of victims cannot be overemphasized. <br>This study investigated the influence of personality traits (extraversion/introversion, self-esteem) and some demographic variables (sex, age, work status, and marital status) on the perception of sexual harassment in 250 subjects from two academic communities (The University and Polytechnic of Ibadan). The result showed a significant effect of age, self-esteem and extraversion on perceived sexual harassment, R2=. 083, F=5.37 P<.01. Married women were also found to have higher perception of sexual harassment than single women t=2.95, df 89 P<.05 while work status has significant effect on perception of sexual harassment F(2, 236) =10.4; P<.05. <br>Riger's (1991), theory of attribution was used as a springboard in the discussion of the findings, psychological dynamics as well as implication of the findings for organization handling of harassment issues were highlighted.
Author Frederick OcanseySource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 48 –67 (2004)More Less
Attitudes of early adolescents towards their parents as well as their perceptions about their parents' attitude towards them and the parenting styles they use were examined. The survey was carried out using a semi-structured interview guide, on 930 primary six pupils in 25 randomly selected schools from 10 Districts spread out over four regions in Ghana. The sample consisted of 451 boys and 479 girls with a mean age of 12.1 years. Chi-square and percentages were used to analyze the data. Results revealed that majority (84%) of early adolescents have negative attitude towards their fathers but positive attitude towards their mothers. Participants also perceived their fathers as having unfavourable attitude towards them while they generally perceive their mothers as having favourable attitude towards them. Gender differences were, however, reported in these statistics. Majority of the early adolescents also reported that their parents (both fathers (74%) and mothers (60%)) used the authoritarian parenting style. Implications of these findings to counselling are made.
Author Cecilia BoakyeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 68 –85 (2004)More Less
This paper examines some of the practices of student-teachers during off-campus teaching practice in Ghana. It is a theoretical paper based on personal observations of student- teachers from the University of Cape Coast, and the Post-Secondary Teacher Training Colleges for a period of nine years. The observations are supported by published literature. The outcome of the observations shows that while student-teachers obey the rule that they should write their lesson notes in bound note books, about 70% on them have problems when it comes to the organisation of the information on the lesson notes. In actual teaching-learning skills, the major flaws are associated with questioning techniques, evaluation and lesson delivery. There are some good points though, with the problem areas but the flaws outweigh them. Solutions are given as to how the problems identified can be solved and also on how teaching practice can be improved upon.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 86 –98 (2004)More Less
This study investigated whether group identity as pertaining to an ascribed identity (ethnicity) is a multidimensional construct and examined the relationship between group identification and intergroup attitudes. Data was gathered from a random sample of one hundred twenty six male respondents using a structured questionnaire. Results of factor analysis indicated that group identity was composed of three dimensions (i) affective, (ii) cognitive and (iii) evaluative. The three dimensions were positively correlated to each other indicating that they reflect different facets of a common construct. Inter-group attitudes constrained to two factors: positive attitudes towards out-group and positive attitudes toward in-group. The three dimensions of group identity were positively correlated to positive attitude towards in-group members and a significant negative relationship with positive attitudes towards out-group members was obtained for respectively the evaluative and cognitive dimensions. Results were discussed in terms of the viability of group identity as a multidimensional construct within the specific context of a multiethnic society.
The role of resource persons of the visually impaired in mainstreaming educational institutions in GhanaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 99 –115 (2004)More Less
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the role of resource persons in facilitating the education of the visually impaired in the mainstreaming institutions in Ghana. All the eight mainstreaming institutions for the visually impaired in Ghana were used for the study. A total sample of III students with visual impairment, 8 heads of the institutions/departments and 14 resource persons were selected for the study through purposive sampling technique. Relevant data were gathered using two sets of questionnaires, an interview guide and an observation schedule. Descriptive statistics was used to analyse the data. The study established that, resource persons were not performing all the direct and indirect roles expected of them according to the desired standard and this was in spite of their high academic and professional qualifications. The resource persons encountered a number of problems such as inadequate resources and lack of appropriate equipment. It is, therefore, recommended that resource rooms should be provided with adequate and appropriated equipment and materials; and also, they should be exposed to periodic in-service training.
Author B.O. AdekolaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 116 –124 (2004)More Less
The research was undertaken to assess students' perception of continuous assessment as a precursor to academic performance among junior secondary school students in Ogun state. Five hundred and five students who were randomly selected divided into two groups were involved in the study. Three null hypotheses were generated for the study. Using student test to analysed the data, results indicated that there is significant difference between the perception of students from highly educated parents and those from low education homes to Continuous Assessment as a precursor to academic performance; here is significant difference between the perception of male and female students to Continuous Assessment and, there is no significant difference between the perception of students from urban and rural students. Recommendations were made based on these findings.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 125 –136 (2004)More Less
Having a paid job constitute an important component of human needs. When on the job however, the level of job involvement differ among employees. Some salient personal characteristics of employees are seldom considered in discussing job involvement in Nigeria. This necessitated this study, which investigated the influence of sex, number of dependants, and family responsibility on job involvement. A total of 200 participants drawn from two multinational corporations in Ibadan, Nigeria took part in the study that adopted the exposit factor design. Questionnaires were used for data collection. Females were found to be more involved in their job than the male workers that participated in the study. Number of dependants was found to have high positive relationship with job involvement. It was concluded that there is no justification for the gender stereotype that encourage the deliberate exclusion of females from certain jobs in organisations. Having high number of dependants does not hinder job involvement. The need for gender sensitive policies was recommended for Management of organisations.
Personality characteristics and attitudes towards alcohol use among students in tertiary institutions Delta and Edo States of NigeriaAuthor C. EwhrudjakporSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 137 –149 (2004)More Less
The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and Attitude towards Alcohol use Questionnaire were the major instruments used to measure the relationship between the participants' personality variables and alcohol use attitude among 238 female and male students of tertiary institutions in Delta and Edo States. Results, using the Statistics Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 9, of Pearson Product. Moment correlation confirmed that, Extraversion and Lie traits relates with alcohol use attitudes. There is no significant relationship between Psychoticism and Neuroticism traits with alcohol use attitudes. Conclusively, Extravertedness and lying are predisposing conditions of alcohol use attitudes. Alcohol use attitudes have educational, medical and policy implications in our ivory towers and society. Therefore it was recommended that alcohol sales, promotion and consumption on 'campuses be banned.
Author A. Oyesoji AremuSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 150 –162 (2004)More Less
This study investigated the psychological and sociological determinants of academic achievement of school-going adolescents. Six self-report measures were administered randomly to 280 senior secondary III students in Ibadan. Results showed that the six psychological and sociological factors (motivation, anxiety, and locus of control, self-esteem, parent's education, parental discipline, culture, and governance) could jointly determine academic achievement of adolescents. Specifically, motivation, anxiety, parental discipline, and governance were found to be significant in determining academic achievement among adolescents. Implications of these on academic achievement were discussed in the study.
Relationship between problem-solving ability and career maturity among high school students in NigeriaAuthor S.O. SalamiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 163 –179 (2004)More Less
This study investigated the relationship between problemsolving ability and career maturity of secondary school students in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. 230 final year secondary school students completed self-report measures of problem solving and career maturity. Multiple regression analysis was used to analyse the data collected. The results showed that the three variables of problem solving ability when combined effectively predicted career maturity among the students. Personal control made the highest contribution to the prediction. It was followed by Approach-avoidance and Confidence in that order. Implications for the inclusion of problem-solving activities in the counsellors' programmes for fostering career maturity of students were discussed.
Author E'nzuva-Ya-Tsuva WavoSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 180 –188 (2004)More Less
This study explored the influence of honesty, cooperation and curiosity on the process of effective learning in school settings. It is speculated that these variables might promote academic success of students and the progress of their schools. The variables were assessed by different t-tests to examine the gender differences among students. The results indicated that male and female Chinese students differed in honesty with girls more honest than boys. They also differed in cooperation with girls more cooperative and boys more competitive. It was also found that males were as curious as females. The influences of honesty, cooperation and curiosity on school achievement were examined by a multiple regression analysis. Results suggested a relative influence of curiosity and honesty on school achievement and revealed that school achievement was not influenced by cooperative learning.
Author Friday Asiazobor EboiyehiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 189 –214 (2004)More Less
The study examined the problem of high fertility among couples in rural Nigeria using Uwessan communities of Edo State, Nigeria as a reference. The methodology adopted during the field work was structured questionnaires and in-depth interviews. Interviews were held with couples with at least four children. Findings show that fertility level in the study area is very high due to some socio-economic and cultural factors such as religious belief, cultural background of couples, decision making about the desired family size, occupation, education and age at marriage. <br>The paper makes a case that high fertility rates in the rural areas will increase poverty and impede national development. While acknowledging efforts made by government to control high fertility, it recommends that for effective population control, there is need for grass root education and mass enlightenment especially in the rural areas.
Changes in maternal nutritional knowledge and its relationship with child nutritional status in the Volta Region of GhanaAuthor Lily Yaa AppohSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 215 –231 (2004)More Less
Nutrition education has been used as a weapon against childhood malnutrition in Ghana, however, there is little evidence concerning its impact on maternal nutritional knowledge and child nutritional status. The purpose of this study was to find out whether changes have occurred in maternal nutritional knowledge during an eight year period and whether any changes observed will be related to the prevalence of child malnutrition. Data for the study were collected in the same study areas in 1993 and 2001 on maternal attitudes, beliefs and knowledge related to child nutritional status. Variables analyzed in this study were the ones that have been included in nutrition messages given to the mothers at the health centers where the data were collected. Data were also collected on the prevalence of childhood malnutrition. Results revealed significant changes in maternal nutritional knowledge from 1993 to 2001. Mothers interviewed in 2001 had better nutritional knowledge than mothers in 1993. The data on malnutrition prevalence showed an increase in the prevalence rate from 1993 to 1998. This suggests that the nutritional knowledge acquired by the mothers have not been translated in to behavior. Similar findings have been reported in the literature and there has been the suggestion that for nutrition knowledge to be put into practice, several conditions must be present. For example, (1) there is the need for both declarative and procedural knowledge, (2) there must be motivation to act, (3) new knowledge should fit into the schema of the individual and (4) resources needed to implement new information ought to be available. It was concluded that in order for nutrition education to have the desired impact, there is the need to incorporate these factors in the design and implementation of such programs.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 12, pp 232 –239 (2004)More Less
This study examined the reaction of students towards book loan delinquency in academic libraries. The objectives were to determine the frequency of use of the reserve collection of an academic library, to find out if there was book loan delinquency, investigate the cause(s), and examine the effects on the students and the library. To elicit the needed information, two sources were used: primary data, that is administration of questionnaires to students and secondary data, that is statistical records of the three recommended textbooks consulted between October and December 2003.Part 1 Pharmacy students were used as respondents. The study established that there was book loan delinquency among students. Insensitivity to other users' need was seen as a major cause; short loan periods, poor economic status of library users and selfishness were other causes adduced for book loan delinquency. Effects on the students were inability to carry out class assignments, incomplete information and poor academic performance. It was suggested that this behavior can be curbed through these measures: extension of loan period, imposition of stiff penalty on defaulters, increase in users' awareness of borrowing rights, acquisition of more copies of recommended texts, introduction of overnight and weekend borrowing as a matter of policy and employment of indigent students to work in the library for some hours in a week.