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- Volume 20, Issue 2, 2012
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 20, Issue 2, 2012
Volumes & issues
Volume 20, Issue 2, 2012
Author Gloria Abimbola ObajimiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 20, pp 168 –174 (2012)More Less
Human beings are inseparable from conflicts. The intervention of sports in conflict resolved provide meaningful life of an early stage of young people who are usually being used causing problems, thereby reduced the risk of involvement in anti-social behaviour. A survey research was carried out of expo-facto design, with total sample of one thousand, seven hundred respondents from three senatorial districts of crisis region communities of South-Eastern zone, Nigeria. A structured validated questionnaire: Sports Roles for Development and Peace Inventory (SRDPI) contained two instruments: Sports Roles Questionnaire (SRQ) and Sports for Development and Peace Questionnaire (SDPQ) with reliability result obtained as .83 to .50 and all variables yielding 0.88. While the Sports for Development and Peace Questionnaire (SDPQ) result obtained was 0.76 of cronbrach alpha coefficient. Multiple regression analysis was used to analyze data collected for the two hypotheses at 0.05 significant level. The result shows that there was a relative contribution of each of the independent variables on the dependent. Character building variables contributed more than the other (57%) of the variance and nationalism through sports having the lowest contribution (10%). The result also shown that the joint effect of the variables on Sport for development and peace was significant (F (9, 1700) = 177.913; R = .698 R2 = .487, Adj. R2 = 0.484: P < .05). Therefore, countries should endeavour to include sports and physical activities in their development policy and to promote initiatives to increase participation and access to sports, with particular emphasis on young people.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 20, pp 175 –183 (2012)More Less
The main objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of social anxiety among adolescents in Lagos metropolis. The following hypotheses were formulated and tested to achieve the objective: (1) Female participants will have significantly higher scores in measures of SAS than male participants. (2) There will be significant trend in the progression of social anxiety from the younger adolescents to the older age categories. (3) Participants with low educational attainment will report significantly higher levels of social anxiety than those with high educational attainment. Participants (364) were drawn from three high schools and 100 level university students. Social Anxiety Scale with its seven components was used to collect data. Four major findings resulted from the study. First, a prevalence of 27.47% social anxiety was found among the adolescent participants. Second, female participants significantly exhibited higher levels of social anxiety than male participants. Third, there was a decrease in social anxiety level as age increased from 12 to 17 years with an upward surge from age 17-21 revealing a curve-linear trend. Four, study showed that low educational status does not necessarily predict high level of social anxiety. Recommendations were made to government, educators, and future researchers.
Author Catherine ChovwenSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 20, pp 184 –191 (2012)More Less
This survey research investigated the predictive influence of organizational climate, self-efficacy and emotional intelligence on organizational commitment. Data were collected from 200 randomly selected employees of Cocacola Factory who served as participants in this study using structured questionnaire. Results of the analyses carried out on the predicted hypotheses revealed significant differences between individuals with low and high self efficacy, low and high emotional intelligence and favourable and unfavourable perception of organizational climate on organizational commitment and also that self efficacy, emotional intelligence and perceived organizational climate significantly and jointly predicted organizational climate. The promotion of self efficacy, emotional intelligence and provision of positive environment enhances organizational commitment that gives organizations competitive advantage over others.
Author Doyin AguoruSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 20, pp 192 –204 (2012)More Less
Africans are a culturally deep and psychologically peculiar people. Proverbs constitute a major form of collective consciousness through which Africans communicate ideas and opinions. Several studies reveal that thought patterns, attitudes and psyche of peoples are comprehensible through paremiology, the study of proverbs. Nigeria's Chinua Achebe has carved out a niche for himself as an African Proverbialist. This article examines the psycho-cultural value of proverbial sayings in his work. The application of this linguistic form as a dominant tool in the narrative technique and in the portraiture of the themes and characters is the focus of this study which takes as reference, Arrow of God, a work that concretizes the African psycho-cultural crisis. It examines the psychological, philosophical and cultural values embedded in the African proverbial folio.