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n IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Motivational interview : evidence based strategy in the treatment of alcohol and drug addiction : ethical issues in clinical psychology
What is drug addiction?
To answer above question, considerations are given to what is meant by drugs and when addiction could be said to have taken place. The drugs of concern here are psychoactive drugs.
Psychoactive drugs are substances that when ingested interact with the CNS to affect the individual's thoughts, feelings and actions. They affect one's mental process and behavior, perception of reality, level of alertness, response time and perception of the world. WHO 1998 defined Psychoactive drugs as "any chemical substance which, when taken into the body, alters its function physically and/or psychologically". Ikpeme (2010) specifically described it as any substance people consider to be a drug, with the understanding that this will change from culture to culture and from time to time. This definition supposes that psychoactive drugs vary from place to place and from time - do you agree? Does the fact that opium has transformed into a household name in china change its effect on their people who use it and get hooked on it? Or had our acceptance and celebration of alcohol in anyway negate its powerful and damaging effect on our local population especially the youths? However, culture must be considered in order to understand people's affiliation to a particular drug and to achieve effective treatment.
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