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- IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal
- OA African Journal Archive
- Volume 6, Issue 2, 1998
IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal - Volume 6, Issue 2, 1998
Volumes & issues
Volume 6, Issue 2, 1998
Daily assessment of state anxiety and mood in African athletes: psychological effects of training from a life-quality perspectiveSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 1 –21 (1998)More Less
In examining the effects of sport/exercise training on mood and state anxiety, the literature has three limitations: 1) the bulk research relies on single pre- to post-treatment measures, 2) most of our knowledge is based on results obtained with non-competitive aerobic exercises, and 3) with a few exceptions, mostly western people were studie. This study attempted to address the above issues by using an experience sampling method (Hormuth, 1986) and by asking the following question: Disregarding all life-events, do athletes report different levels of state anxiety and mood on their training days in contrast to their non-training days?
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 22 –28 (1998)More Less
Forty quality product inspectors, and forty other executive personnel constituting the control group were administered the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) which gives scores on Psychoticism, Extraversion, Neuroticism and Lie Scales. The responses of the two groups were subjected to a T-test statistical analysis, in which the four personality dimensions served as dependent variables. Matching was on age, sex and working experience. Quality product inspectors showed significant lower mean scores on Psychoticism and Extraversion scales and significant higher mean score on Neuroticism scale. It is concluded that the findings obtained point to normative features of the quality product inspectors.
The effect of reinforcement, prompting and social initiation as intervention strategies on the abnormal social relations of autistic childrenAuthor Beatrice A. OkyereSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 29 –40 (1998)More Less
Autistic children experience a deficit in verbal and non-verbal communication as well as their social development. They usually exhibit three broad symptoms, one of which is the failure to develop social relationships (Rutter,1978; Wood & Lazzari, 1997). Several studies have been conducted on intervention strategies that enhance the social repertoire of autistic children (Strain, 1983; Short, 1984; Strain, 1977). So far reinforcement, prompting and social initiations have proven to be effective intervention strategies especially when they have been administered by trained peers. However, to obtain generalization of the behaviour challenge the interventions have to be implemented across time and settings.
Source: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 41 –49 (1998)More Less
Out of a total of 4217 admissions into a Nigerian psychiatric hospital over a 5-year period (1988-1992), seven hundred and forty two were adolescents. This represents a period prevalence of 17.6%. The average age of the adolescents was 14 years with males accounting for 64.1% of the admissions. The most common mental disorders among the adolescents were schizophrenia, anxiety and substance abuse disorders. There were more males than females in each diagnostic category except neurotic and anxiety disorders which recorded more females. It is concluded that a sizeable proportion of the psychiatric hospital population are adolescents and this calls for greater commitment to the provision of facilities for the screening, diagnosis, treatment and research into adolescent mental disorders.
Author B.E. AkindeSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 50 –63 (1998)More Less
The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines Essential Drugs (ED) as drugs that satisfy health needs of the majority of the population. They should therefore be available at all times in adequate amounts and in the appropriate dosage forms at all levels of health care delivery system of the country. Their selection is based on the most common diseases. The concept of essential drugs was approved by the World Health Assembly In 1975. In 1977, the World Health Organisation (WHO) produced the first model list of essential drugs.
Utilisation of creativity and innovation by the practice of new-product planning in developing countriesAuthor J.B. AkarakiriSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 64 –80 (1998)More Less
The utilisation of creativity and innovation in new product development still remains in its infancy in developing countries. It is a major reason why the rate of economic and technological development is low in these countries. This paper explores the role of creativity and innovation in new-product planning. It begins with concepts of creativity. This is followed by a discussion on the human and environmental factors as the key elements in creativity. It is found that all new products start by the generation of ideas.
Author John** Obani, Tim* & VisserSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 81 –93 (1998)More Less
This paper argues that the integration or mainstreaming movement in special needs education now going on in different countries of the world, is not necessarily compelled by good educational wisdom and practice, but by soclo-economic, administrative and political forces. A resume of research evidence along this line is provided. So also are research findings, which indicate no clear positive gains in academic and social achievements by disabled students in integration.
Development of an attitude scale for Kenya Secondary Christian Religious Education teachers and studentsAuthor Jane C. GatumuSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 94 –115 (1998)More Less
It is important that an instrument to be used in a study should be reliable and valid. When these conditions are fulfilleQ, the study's internal validity is, to some extent, ascertained. Both validity and reliability were highlighted in the construction of the attitude scale on Kenyan Secondary Christian Religious Education teachers and students. The data collected were reduced by two Religious Education experts from the School of Education, King's College London and by the use of factor analysis procedures. These techniques produced a unidimensional scale (54 items) of 0.94 reliability.
Author S.O. SalamiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 116 –131 (1998)More Less
The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of students towards counselling at the College of Education, Oro. Two hundred and eight students responded to the Attitude Towards Guidance and Counselling Inventory (ATGCI). ANOVA and Friedman's Test were used to analyse the data. The results obtained indicated that the students have positive attitude towards counselling; their disposition to seek counselling depends on the type of problems they have.
Author O.E. AbdullahiSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 132 –151 (1998)More Less
Youths constitute a significant proportion of any nation's population and they are the inheritors of the society. In Nigeria, youths hold a great thrust for the future. This paper examines the causes and effects of violence on youths In Nigeria and furthermore, suggests intervention measures.
Positive and negative experiences of refugees in accessing a settlement service in southern Ontario, CanadaSource: IFE PsychologIA : An International Journal 6, pp 152 –169 (1998)More Less
The role of settlement agencies in resettlement and adaptation of refugees in Canada is critical, since agencies are the newcomers' first contacts on arrival, providing a vital link with the host society. This study analyzes the process and outcome goals of one settlement service in Southern Ontario, Canada, utilizing the stakeholder approach to evaluation, viewed in the context of Canadian immigration and multicultural policy. It reports on positive and negative experiences of 30 randomly selected participants of the program representing five Third Wortd ethnic refugee groups.