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- Volume 2012, Issue 19, 2012
Image & Text : a Journal for Design - Volume 2012, Issue 19, 2012
Volumes & issues
Volume 2012, Issue 19, 2012
Author Ulrike KistnerSource: Image & Text : a Journal for Design 2012, pp 6 –13 (2012)More Less
Approaching the city of Pretoria/Tshwane from the south, one is greeted by three monumental structures perched atop three hills surrounding Pretoria, from west to east: the Voortrekker Monument, Freedom Park, and the University of South Africa (UNISA), each one of them a dense conglomeration of symbols, emblems, and icons forged out of concrete, rock, earth and stone. Not far behind this formidable threesome follows another massive fortress marking the entrance to the city - Pretoria Central Prison.
Author Annett SchulzeSource: Image & Text : a Journal for Design 2012, pp 14 –23 (2012)More Less
The South African Department of Arts and Culture initiated several legacy and heritage projects post-apartheid, referring to the recommendations of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission - one of those being Freedom Park. By materialising governmentality within a monument, a certain notion of belonging is constructed: a sense of belonging to a national community which is valorised by sacrificial death and naturalised culture, embodied in the architecture of the created public space. The built environment and the guided tours both point to a performativity of spirituality: 'cleansing and healing-ceremonies' are part of a policy which tries to reconcile memories through strategic commemoration practices. With reference to Foucault's idea of 'heterotopia', I will argue that Freedom Park can be read as both an illusory space and at the same time a perfect arrangement of select societal structures as compensation for former injustices.
Problems with indigeneity : fragmentation, discrimination and exclusion in post-colonial African statesAuthor Johan StrijdomSource: Image & Text : a Journal for Design 2012, pp 24 –32 (2012)More Less
Taking indigeneity and hybridity as opposite theoretical paradigms in the study of religion, this article problematises political discourses and practices that propagate the former view. The post-colonial resurgence of indigeneity is first contextualised with reference to anthropological studies of its political uses in Botswana and Cameroon, and then problematised with reference to its foregrounding in Freedom Park. It is argued that this tendency poses the danger of social fragmentation, discrimination and exclusion in post-colonial African contexts, which is precisely what the South African Constitution and National Policy on Religion and Education intend to prevent.
Author Cynthia KrosSource: Image & Text : a Journal for Design 2012, pp 34 –51 (2012)More Less
The paper uses the Gautrain as a device to link several works of public art and the new memorial at Freedom Park, interrogating their authorship, kinship, functions and aesthetic impact. The gigantic size of these works, their attempts to make portentous statements and to hail a defined public, suggest that they might belong to a new 'monumentalism'. The paper advances an argument for why there may be a return to monumentalism, noting the several Herculean labours works of public art are required to perform in the context of urban regeneration and the summoning of a history that is free of conflict and troubling suggestions of heterogeneity. The principal artist whose works are examined in the paper, Marco Cianfanelli, is part of a network that has explicitly committed itself to emancipating 'public' places from their exclusive and coercive apartheid past. Cianfanelli himself has expressed the hope that his works in the public sphere will encourage spectators to think critically about their environments. But, since some of his works appear bogged down in a blatantly mercenary project for so-called urban regeneration and his Freedom Park work contributes to what is described in this paper as a highly romanticised version of African history, his optimism may be unwarranted.
Author Sope MaithufiSource: Image & Text : a Journal for Design 2012, pp 52 –63 (2012)More Less
This article considers subtexts in two trail runs, the trajectories of which highlight the city of Pretoria against the Voortrekker Monument and the Union Buildings, nationalist heritage sites that are built on kopjes. This article proposes that, while the utilisation of this milieu is deliberate and strategic, the reclamation of this city in Afrikaner nationalist terms wells up, but also loses authority in the codings of these country runs. It suggests that this failure may be related to the eulogisation of the alleged heroism of the South African Defense Force soldiers during the 'Border Wars' (1969-1989), most of which downplay the violations perpetrated against black South Africans. The resulting porosity defines the city beyond the racial and national paradigms. Introducing perspectives that render the city permeable, this article probes continuity between heritage and the city.
Author Charles VilletSource: Image & Text : a Journal for Design 2012, pp 64 –79 (2012)More Less
The aim of this article is to explore the nature of contemporary Afrikaner identity philosophically through the topos of Loftus and the game, the spectacle, and the experience of rugby. I suggest that Loftus Versfeld stadium in Pretoria is a heterotopia for many Afrikaners. The concept of heterotopia, as suggested by Foucault, represents a place where the ideas of utopia and dystopia exist alongside each other. An analysis of Loftus as heterotopia offers a number of novel insights about the place (both physical and mental) that the stadium represents. Loftus acts as a mirror to the lifeworld of Afrikaners, termed here as so-called 'rugbymentality' : Loftus reveals that Afrikaners have moved economically beyond apartheid, but that their political voice has become almost insignificant. Loftus represents the expression of this economic advanceÂ¬ment with simultaneous political regression. The result is an invented tradition and postcolonial nostalgia that reveal what it means to be an Afrikaner. Loftus and rugbymentality function as the attempt by Afrikaners either to insulate themselves (laertrek) from post-apartheid South Africa, or to become part of the cultural mosaic of South Africa, which could both be expressed through achieving excellence in rugby.
Author Natalie SwanepoelSource: Image & Text : a Journal for Design 2012, pp 80 –91 (2012)More Less
Place name changes are an ongoing process and a contentious and politicised issue in twenty-first-century South Africa, where the changes are often implemented as a form of redress and/or nation-building. This paper examines the practice of name-changing as it relates to street names in South Africa, with a special focus on Pretoria (Tshwane). Whereas street name changes may be used as a political statement, I offer an alternative pathway inspired by Karen Till's (2012) concept of the 'wounded city.' In particular, I address the question of whether or not the heritage value of street names is taken sufficiently into account when changes are implemented considering that street names act as containers of meaning; monuments to the intangible; and as visible reminders of a contested history that should not necessarily be obliterated from our townscapes.
Author Rolf AnnasSource: Image & Text : a Journal for Design 2012, pp 92 –109 (2012)More Less
I invite you to join me on a tour of monuments and places of memory in South Africa. Based on personal experiences, observations and reflections, the paper takes you from Cape Town with its statue of Jan van Riebeeck to the Voortrekker Monument and Freedom Park in Pretoria, with a brief detour to the German Settler's Monument in East London. On the one hand, we ask whether monuments and memorials that commemorate European influence in South Africa are still relevant today. On the other hand, we take a critical look at new monuments such as Freedom Park in Pretoria, which provides new perspectives on South African heritage.
Author Ivan VladislavicSource: Image & Text : a Journal for Design 2012, pp 110 –115 (2012)More Less
Only amateurs collect books in order to read them. The professionals wrap their investments in archival plastic and put them away in the safe. Idea: a syndicate of pros, old friends and rivals, buy a defunct meat processing plant and use its refrigeration rooms to store their books. Reconstruct the minutes of the Cold Storage Club (2005).
Author Amanda Du PreezSource: Image & Text : a Journal for Design 2012, pp 116 –117 (2012)More Less
Lindsay Bremner's volume of essays on Johannesburg's transformation after the demise of apartheid received the prestigious Jane Jacobs Urban Communication Book Award in 2011. The award - named in honour of the late social activist and author of The death and life of great American cities (1961) - is made annually by the New York based Urban Communication Foundation and aims to recognise outstanding books that exhibit excellence in addressing issues of urban communication. It is not difficult to surmise why Writing the city into being received the award for it contains an impressive collection of reflections both intellectually and visually on the city of Johannesburg.
The future of text and image : collected essays on literary and visual conjunctures, Ofra Amihay & Lauren Walsh (Eds.) : book reviewAuthor Jenni LauwrensSource: Image & Text : a Journal for Design 2012, pp 118 –122 (2012)More Less
The publication of Ofra Amihay and Lauren Walsh's edited volume, The future of text and image, is a sure indication that the study of the relationship between the textual and the visual has grown into an independent academic discipline. With a foreword by WJT Mitchell and an afterword by Marianne Hirsch, whose contributions to the founding discourse in this field are well-known, this timely book brings together essays from scholars who investigate literary and visual conjunctures in diverse forms and contexts. The editors explain that the book aims to 'shed light not only on the future of text and image as an independent discipline' but also to present ideas about the destiny of the 'role and place' of that discipline in various scholarly fields, informed by the ways in which new technological forms and practices have and may influence this relationship in the future (p. viii). In line with this aim, the contributors represent a diversity of intellectual fields including literary studies, cultural studies, art history, media studies, graphic design/communication design and digital studies, amongst others.