n Institute of African Studies Research Review - Disaster incidence and management in Nigeria

Volume 24, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 0855-4412



Nigeria is a disaster-prone country where the frequency and intensity of both natural and human induced disasters have increased significantly in recent years. This is because previous disasters and the likelihood of potential ones were not factored into development programmes. Therefore, moves towards sustainable development and poverty reduction initiatives are threatened by disasters triggered by hazards of hydro-meteorological, geological and environmental origins, often amplified by human activities and technology. The vulnerability to hazards in Nigeria is determined by two variables: the vulnerability of the elements at risk contained within them and the hazards of their locations.

The current low level of preparedness when juxtaposed with the predicted increase in environmental emergencies due to climate change and urbanization portends danger, because they might become obstacles to development. Using secondary data and in-depth analysis, this paper critically examines the challenge of disaster risk management in Nigeria. The findings reveal that there are technical and managerial flaws in disaster management in the country. A realistic approach to reduce the toll of disasters in Nigeria requires a more comprehensive approach that encompasses both pre-disaster risk reduction and post-disaster recovery. This should be framed by new policies and institutional arrangements that support effective action.

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