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- Volume 2014, Issue 48, 2014
Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa - Volume 2014, Issue 48, 2014
Volume 2014, Issue 48, 2014
Author Deborah BeckerSource: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2014, pp 5 –19 (2014)More Less
The use of statistical data in libraries is important in management and advocacy. Efficient and effective tools are essential in order to make better business and service decisions, to make the library more visible and increase user satisfaction. In the management of libraries operational statistical information is used to make important development and policy decisions. In the budgeting process the request for financial resources is often based on the need for statistics that show trends and performance in service delivery.
Over a period of three years a statistics database was developed and tested by staff at Cape Peninsula University of Technology (CPUT) Libraries, Western Cape, South Africa and then extended to include interested libraries belonging to the national body, the Committee of Higher Education Libraries of South Africa (CHELSA). These two phases of the initiative represent two levels of database usage.
This article outlines the basic principles of the two separate levels of the database as well as some more advanced features such as the alerts systems and available reports. It also provides an overview of the structure of the database and how the various data elements are linked within the database.
A profile of the geographies of students in the Department of Information Science at the University of South Africa (UNISA)Source: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2014, pp 20 –45 (2014)More Less
In order for universities to ensure not only access through massification but also retention and success through high throughput rates, it is pertinent that institutions have a basic understanding of students' contextual realities. Due to emerging political, economic, technological and social developments the nature of the current and prospective university student has changed. This transformation of the university student's disposition has brought about new demands, anticipations and opportunities. Consequently, these new developments have challenged universities to develop responsive, up-to-date and seamless learning strategies and experiences that will attract and retain students. The purpose of the study is to profile the geographies of students in the Department of Information Science at the University of South Africa (UNISA). The study adopted a quantitative approach and more specifically the informetric technique of data mining to map the characteristics of LIS students in the Department of Information Science. Overall, the study found that there is a scarcity of knowledge about the contextual realities of students registered in the Department of Information Science at UNISA. It recommends that critical information should be collected beforehand to enable the department to align the realities of students with the courseware, the communication technologies and strategies, the pedagogy, and the resources as well as other considerations.
The role of public archives in national development in selected countries in the East and Southern Africa Regional Branch of the International Council on Archives regionSource: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2014, pp 46 –68 (2014)More Less
National archives repositories have an important role to play in the economic, social and political development of a country. However, there is a consensus among archival scholars that this role is often obscure as national archives repositories do not make their presence felt to the public. As a result, people who could benefit from the services of archives repositories do not know that such institutions exist. This study utilised modernisation theory to investigate the role of archives in national development in selected countries within the East and Southern African Regional Branch of the International Council on Archives (ESARBICA) region. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected through analysis of national development plans (NDPs) of selected countries, questionnaires and interviews using a purposive sample from the LinkedIn database. The findings indicate that even though the majority of participants were aware of the existence of national archives repositories, they did not understand the role of archives in national development. Whereas record-keeping is mentioned in some of the NDPs, archives featured only in two of the analysed NDPs. The study concludes that there is a need to redefine the role of national archives in modern society and also include it as an objective in NDPs. It is recommended that a robust archival public programming in the form of dramas on television, radios and at schools should be introduced in the region. This in turn will help promote the archival profession and archives' public image, as well as the use of public archival holdings. A further study to investigate the extent to which archivists have mainstreamed archives as a tool for national development within the region is recommended.
Application of the Delphi technique to make sense of indigenous cultural and intellectual property rights in a virtual societySource: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2014, pp 69 –86 (2014)More Less
Documentation of indigenous knowledge (IK) has recently become a topic of considerable interest within social sciences research. However, traditional scientific review processes may not be well suited for evaluating the merits and demerits of this kind of research especially in situations where the available scientific evidence is limited or where no local expertise may be available. This paper aims to examine the Delphi research technique's application and suitability to IK related research. It also identifies its distinguishing features and the practical pitfalls which could undermine the proper adminstration of the Delphi to research issues relating to IK.
A panel of four experts in IK, intellectual property rights (IPRs) and digital archiving participated in three iterations of the study. The Digital Innovation South Africa (DISA) was used as a case. The methodology and the guidelines themselves were found to be useful and appropriate by the panelists. The study experts were able to reach consensus about culturally appropriate issues informing the protection of indigenous intellectual rights in electronic environments. The article concludes that The Delphi consensus method could be useful more generally for consulting experts in the field for culturally appropriate best practice regarding the documentation and protection of indigenous cultural rights.
Challenges of e-society for informal sector women entrepreneurs of Hlabisa local municipality in KwaZulu-Natal, South AfricaAuthor Veli JiyaneSource: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2014, pp 87 –112 (2014)More Less
Generally, rural communities and women in particular lack access to opportunities for their growth and advancement. Women always seek growth opportunities in business, health, education, agriculture and other sectors that relate to their needs and capacities. Information and knowledge society (an e-society) creates a platform for extensive use of information and communication technologies which support information and knowledge creation, availability, access and use. E-society therefore becomes an ideal environment for women, particularly informal sector women entrepreneurs, to interact and share information, knowledge and skills regarding their trading activities, through the use of mobile services, telephone services and other technological tools. The main aim of the study was to examine information and knowledge society and its impact on poverty alleviation and the economic empowerment of informal sector women entrepreneurs in South Africa. The following research questions were considered: What information e-sources and e-channels are used by informal sector women entrepreneurs of Hlabisa Local Municipality? What are the challenges faced when using the e-sources and e-channels for information access and use? How can these challenges be addressed? Focus group discussions, interviews and observations were used to collect primary data. Through literature review and content analysis, secondary data were collected. The findings indicate that mobile phones are owned and used by many informal sector women entrepreneurs in the area. Additionally, telephones, a library and various banks are available to be accessed and used for information; however, there are challenges.
Source: Innovation : journal of appropriate librarianship and information work in Southern Africa 2014, pp 113 –131 (2014)More Less
This article reports on the provision of information to adult type 2 diabetic patients at Addington Hospital in Durban. The paper is based on a study that was conducted on the patients who attend the Diabetic Clinic at the hospital. The article reports on the health care information provided to the type 2 diabetic patients to improve the management of their diabetes. The study adopted a quantitative approach using a semi-structured interview to collect data from the patients who attended the clinic. The results of the study indicated that certain factors influenced the patients' decisions about their diabetes self-management.
The study concluded that the patients were satisfied with the information that was conveyed to them by the doctor. They commented positively on the information contained in the KwaZulu-Natal Department of Health pamphlets on diabetes. There was an overwhelming concern and fear of diabetes related consequences.