SA Crime Quarterly - Volume 2003, Issue 3, 2003
Volumes & issues
Volume 2003, Issue 3, 2003
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2003, pp 1 –4 (2003)More Less
In late 2002 a number of bomb blasts brought home the realisation that the South African white right did not disappear after the 1994 election. The police have made a number of arrests and seem to have stopped the bombings - for now. The white right cannot garner the support necessary to execute a successful coup in South Africa. However, given sufficient backing, the extreme white right could maintain a sustained sabotage campaign and impair South Africa's international image while damaging race relations in the country.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2003, pp 5 –9 (2003)More Less
By the time they turn 18 years of age, 20% of teenage girls and 13% of teenage boys living in the southern parts of Johannesburg have experienced sexual abuse. Constant exposure to sexual violence has forced them to choose between humiliation and survival. Faced with a no-win situation, a study by CIETafrica has shown that the youth have developed attitudes that allow them to see themselves as survivors. However, this has come at a cost - in this case, the development of a culture of sexual violence. More effective police and legal action in registering rape cases and in prosecuting and convicting perpetrators could contribute to reversing this culture.
Author Joan Van NiekerkSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2003, pp 11 –16 (2003)More Less
The flood of media coverage over the past year focused attention on the horror of child rape. But for those working in the field, sexual abuse of children is not a new problem. What is worrying to service providers is the massive increase in the number of reported cases, the decrease in the average age of both victims and offenders, the escalation of the use of force, the number of gang rapes, and the number of children victims who are HIV positive. This article considers the trends and possible solutions.
Author Sibusiso MasukuSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2003, pp 17 –24 (2003)More Less
National and provincial police crime figures indicate that crime has, to a certain extent, levelled off in the course of 2002. Murder continues to decline, as does vehicle theft. However, the trends for car hijacking are less positive. Of all the provinces, Western Cape, Northern Cape and Gauteng featured prominently in most of the crime categories. The volume of interpersonal violent crime remains a cause for concern, which suggests that government intervention should expand its focus on crime prevention through social development.
Author Ted LeggettSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2003, pp 25 –28 (2003)More Less
A poll of inner-city residents indicates that many are willing to permit substantial curtailment of civil rights if necessary to make the area safe. Over 80% of those polled said they would be open to the idea of police searching their homes once a month if this would reduce crime. A third of respondents favoured execution for drug dealers, and 70% of those who had experienced a police Crackdown operation in their area thought it had helped the situation. This is an expression of the desperation of a community where 88% of the people do not feel safe walking the streets at night.
Source: SA Crime Quarterly 2003, pp 29 –32 (2003)More Less
General public confidence in the criminal justice system and the government's handling of crime is low, according to an Institute for Security Studies survey. Yet, most people trust the police and would willingly give evidence in court. People who have been to court as state witnesses are more positive about the work of the prosecution service compared to those who have not. Indeed, most court users have a positive opinion of prosecutors and the work they do. Dissatisfaction is primarily a result of lengthy delays in trials, and unhelpful and unprofessional prosecutors.
Author Makubetse SekhonyaneSource: SA Crime Quarterly 2003, pp 33 –36 (2003)More Less
A decision to introduce new generation prisons, based on the concept of unit management, was aimed at easing overcrowding and promoting the rehabilitation of offenders. The two new privately run prisons in South Africa are based on this concept, and have been in operation for a little over a year. It is too early to say much about their effectiveness and the performance of their staff, but a visit reveals well-run and well-managed facilities which bode well for the Department of Correctional Services (DCS). Nonetheless, within government there seems to be some dissatisfaction with the private prisons.