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n International SportMed Journal - Effects of water exercise on physiological and psychological health in the Japanese : Kawane Spa Study : original research article

Volume 13, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1528-3356
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Abstract

Although several studies have reported on the relationship between water exercise and health, few studies examined the effects of water exercise on both physiological and psychological health.


The aim of the present study was to investigate effects water exercise on both physiological and psychological health.
A randomised controlled trial.
Twenty-seven subjects were assigned randomly to either the water exercise group (WG) (n = 15) or the control group (CG) (n = 12). The water exercise sectionconsisted of a 45-minute/session, 1 session/week, for 10-weeks. Information on physiological health indicators were collected were : sex, age, : sex, age, : sex, age, weight, waist measurement, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride (TG), and hemoglobinA1c (HbA1c). The authors conducted 10-times-sit-to-stand tests. Psychological health indicator infstand tests. Psychological health indicator information was also gathered: the Short-Form of the Profile Mood States, the Self-Rating Depression Scale and the Short Form 8-Item Health Survey (SF-8).
HbA1c (WG was -0.2% vs. CG was -0.1%; = 0.01) and TG (WG was -5.5 mg/dl vs. CG was 48.1 mg/dl; = 0.04) were significantly decreased in WG. The general health perception (WG 0.9 vs. CG general health perception (WG 0.9 vs. CG general health perception (WG 0.9 vs. CG general health perception (WG 0.9 vs. CG -4.4; p=0.03), bodily pain (WG 0.0 vs. CG 4.4; p=0.03), bodily pain (WG 0.0 vs. CG 4.4; p=0.03), bodily pain (WG 0.0 vs. CG 4.4; p=0.03), bodily pain (WG 0.0 vs. CG -5.6; = 0.04) and vitality (WG 0.7 vs. CG -4.3; in SF-8 significantly increased in WG. 8 significantly increased in WG. 8 significantly increased in WG. 8 significantly increased in WG.
This study showed that water exercise had several benefits, both physical and psychological.

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/content/ismj/13/4/EJC129364
2012-12-01
2016-12-10

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