n International SportMed Journal - Traumatic and overuse injuries among elite adolescent alpine skiers : a two-year retrospective analysis : original research article

Volume 14, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 1528-3356



Injury registrations of competitive young athletes are crucial for injury prevention. Particularly in alpine skiing, limited published data exist.

Aimed to profile the rate of injuries affecting skiers admitted to a ski boarding school. Of particular interest was the comparison of overuse and traumatic injuries during the winter and summer seasons.
2-year retrospective survey.
Multiple interviews were conducted with 104 elite alpine skiers, ages 15-18 years, from a ski boarding school in Austria. The injury risk and characteristics of ski specific injuries were evaluated.
Overall, 89 skiers reported a total of 235 injuries (88 among females, 147 among males). Of the 61 male skiers, 40 sustained at least one traumatic injury (injury risk = 0.67) and 34 reported an overuse injury (injury risk = 0.56). Of the 43 females, 29 suffered at least one traumatic injury (injury risk = 0.67), and 26 reported an overuse injury (injury risk= 0.60). The risk of sustaining a traumatic injury was higher during the winter season (RR 1.39, 95% CI 1.02-3.42, P<0.05), and these injuries mainly affected the lower extremities. During the summer season, there was a higher risk for overuse injuries (RR 1.46, 95% CI 0.96-2.20, P<0.05), and most of these injuries were localised to the trunk and back.
The occurrence of traumatic injuries during the competitive season is high. Overuse injuries accounted for a relatively high proportion of time-loss injuries during summer training, suggesting that we should focus not only on traumatic injuries but also on overuse problems.

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