n International SportMed Journal - Running injuries and orthotics : review article

Volume 7, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1528-3356


&lt;I&gt;Objective:&lt;/I&gt; To review the literature with respect to the influence of foot orthotics on the treatment of running injuries and to discuss the biomechanical functioning of orthotics during running. <BR><I>Data sources:&lt;/I&gt; This paper was written based on peer-reviewed published literature. (Source: PubMed and SportDiscus. Search terms: orthotic, running, injury, and pertinent variants of each. Dates: all data inclusive to the end of 2005). &lt;BR&gt;&lt;I&gt;Conclusions:&lt;/I&gt; The reported success rate of orthotic intervention in relieving running injury and pain varies from 25%-95% and is generally over 70%. However, randomised control studies that control for confounding factors are still required to fully evaluate the efficacy of orthotic use in running. Recent studies have challenged the previously accepted function of orthotics in aligning the skeleton, suggesting that orthotics result in minimal changes in skeletal movement. New concepts, such as reducing muscle activity, decreasing joint loading and increasing cushioning, have been proposed as potential functions of orthotics in addressing running injuries. Some of the latest studies are starting to address these concepts but additional data are still required before definitive conclusions can be established.

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