1887

n International SportMed Journal - A comparison of injury rates in organised sports, with special emphasis on American bull riding : review article

Volume 8, Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1528-3356
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Abstract

&lt;I&gt;Objective:&lt;/I&gt; The authors set out to determine which sport in the literature has the highest injury rates.&lt;br&gt;&lt;I&gt; Data sources:&lt;/I&gt; A systematic review of sports injury studies was performed using the PubMed database on the National Library of Medicine website, using the key words: "Injury Incidence" in combination with each of the sports: "boxing," "football," "hockey," "rodeo," "rugby," and "soccer." <br><I>Study section:&lt;/I&gt; Using a 3-round selection process, 2021 papers were reviewed. Those papers that did not report injury rates as a function of time were excluded.&lt;br&gt;&lt;I&gt; Data extraction:&lt;/I&gt; Each paper underwent an independent review by two authors. Injury rates from the papers reporting the top 5 injury rates for each sport were recorded and placed into an electronic spreadsheet for comparison. All selected studies reported injury rates as a function of time, although the unit of time was not always the same; therefore, simple extrapolation was made for all studies to make the unit of time in hours. <br><I>Data synthesis:&lt;/I&gt; The injury rate in bull riding was found to be 1440 injuries / 1000 exposure hours; 1.56 times greater than amateur boxing, 1.75 times greater than semi-professional rugby, 10.3 times greater than American football, and 13.3 times greater than ice hockey. &lt;br&gt;&lt;I&gt;Conclusions:&lt;/I&gt; The authors conclude that injury rates vary widely between contact sports and that American bull riding is the most dangerous organised, spectator sport in the world.

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/content/ismj/8/3/EJC48618
2007-01-01
2016-12-11

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