This monograph examines the role of the police component in the multidimensional AU-UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID). It begins by setting out the complex context of the Darfur crisis and responses by regional and international actors. It then considers the mandated roles and specific functions of the main elements of UNAMID Police - formed police units, individual police officers and core command/senior leadership - as well as discussing the various challenges encountered in attempting to implement the mission's protection of civilians mandate. The report focuses particularly on training: mandated training of Sudanese government police and community policing volunteers in IDP camps; and training of UNAMID personnel. It ends by identifying good practices within the police component and making recommendations for UNAMID Police.