n Journal of Educational Studies - The provision of rural education in three provinces of South Africa since 1994 : implications for school improvement

Special issue 1
  • ISSN : 1680-7456



Since the establishment of a single racially integrated education system and nine provincial departments of education with delegated powers regarding administration and financing of schools in 1994, issues of quality and inequality, especially regarding the education provision to black learners in rural areas, have been repeatedly raised. The most pressing issues relate to education financing, large backlogs in adequate school infrastructure and the effectiveness of equity instruments used to address the apartheid legacy that plagues rural education. Based on a review of policy, legislation, relevant statistics and local studies of the status of rural education, this article discusses demographic factors shaping education provision in the predominantly rural provinces of Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape. It describes the state of rural schooling and critiques the limited outcomes of initiatives implemented to uplift rural education. Finally, recommendations are made on ways in which the government can improve the life chances of predominantly black learners in rural areas.

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