oa Modern Medicine - Management of anorectal disorders: haemorrhoids, fissures, and fistulae

Volume 15, Issue 11
  • ISSN : 0259-9333



The four steps to the anorectal examination are the search for external signs (eg, hirsutism, furrows, faecal incontinence, or prolapse), digital rectal exam, anoscopy, and sigmoidoscopy. Haemorrhoids may be internal, external, or mixed; internal haemorrhoids are graded by the reducibility of prolapse.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error