n Acta Criminologica: Southern African Journal of Criminology - Defining e-policing and smart policing for law enforcement agencies in Gauteng Province

Volume 31 Number 1
  • ISSN : 1012-8093


Gauteng province has experienced a substantial increase in certain crime categories between 2011 and 2015. These include murder and drug related offenses as well as aggravated robbery. The leadership of law enforcement agencies as well as the provincial government has since realised that the application of traditional policing methods alone will not decrease crime. Hence there is a concerted effort to encourage police law agencies in the province to intensify implementation of e-policing systems and smart policing initiatives. That having been said, it is not yet clear what e-policing and smart policing means for the police. The purpose of this paper is therefore to explore the meaning of these concepts from the point of view of police services in the province, policing experts and representatives of private sector organisations who participated in the research. The paper relied on literature reviewed and semi-structured interviews to collect data. It was found that e-policing and smart policing meant different things to different respondents. Given the dilemma of differences in the conceptualisation of these concepts, this paper proposes a working definition of smart policing in order to enhance the co-ordinated application as well as monitoring and evaluation of smart policing initiatives.

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