n African Journal of Wildlife Research - Insights into the genetic population structure of black-backed jackal and caracal in South Africa - short communication

Volume 49 Number 1
  • ISSN : 2410-7220
  • E-ISSN: 2410-8200



Detecting spatial genetic structure can reveal the movement of individuals between habitats, restrictions to gene flow, and possibly patterns of local adaptation (Manel, Schwartz, Luikart & Taberlet, 2003). Dispersal barriers, such as rivers and mountains, impact genetic diversity by limiting the dispersion of alleles, which ultimately leads to changes in genotype frequencies and differentiation between populations (Tews et al., 2004). Anthropogenic habitat degradation and fragmentation can further restrict species movement, which largely depends on ecological characteristics of the landscape and life history traits of species (Sacks, Bannasch, Chomel & Ernest, 2008; Tensen, Drouilly & Van Vuuren, 2018).

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