oa Journal of Contemporary Management - Cooperatives as strategies of local economic development in the City of Tshwane

Volume 16 Number 2
  • ISSN : 1815-7440



The purpose of this article was to examine the implementation of cooperatives as strategies of local economic development in selected communities of the City of Tshwane in Gauteng Province of South Africa. The article employs the case study approach derived from an interpretive paradigm where 25 semi-structured interviews were purposively administered to cooperative members, project managers, and community development workers among the three selected cooperatives in the City of Tshwane. The qualitative thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. The findings of the article revealed various factors affecting the success of cooperatives as strategies local economic development. These include poverty, unemployment, limited government funding, limited access to ready markets, lack of expertise, lack of monitoring and evaluation of cooperative projects. Implications of the article indicate that these challenges hinder the City’s efforts to address the triple challenges of poverty, unemployment and inequality in communities. The article recommends the government to foster Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships (MSPs) with the private sector and instill creativity and innovation among communities which is crucial for the sustainability of cooperatives.

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