n Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies - Exploring alternative disciplinary measures in Ghanaian high schools; unveiling the guidelines for positive behaviour management in policy and practice

Volume 10 Number 2
  • ISSN : 2141-6990
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Abusive disciplinary measures create hardships for students. This article explores alternative disciplinary measures which can replace the abusive punishment in Ghanaian High Schools. It hopes to propel a change of approach in policy, teacher professionalism and practice. It is a qualitative case-study which was conducted using semi-structured interviews, observation and documents analysis in four state Senior High Schools in Ghana. A sample of 28 respondents consisting of head teachers or their assistants, senior house masters/mistress, subject teachers and students, voluntarily participated in this research. The results of the study revealed that the understanding of teachers and school authorities that punishments are supposed to be painful, reformatory, and deterrent has made physical and emotional abuses, a widespread phenomenon in the Ghanaian High schools. This article explores alternatives disciplinary measures as a way of improving discipline in Ghanaian High schools that potentially can reduce physical and emotional pain students experience. This will also provide an opportunity to reduce disciplinary exclusion from school and ensure the attainment of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).Based on this, the study therefore recommends policy reforms and changes in teacher training and professional practices that frown on physical and emotional abuses.

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