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n South African Journal of Cultural History - South African National festivals, 1938-1966 with a special focus on the 1966 Republic festival - research

Volume 33 Number 1
  • ISSN : 1011-3053

Abstract

During the decades straddling the Second World War (1939–1945), various festivals were held in South Africa to commemorate either a significant event of the past, or to celebrate the country’s independence or simply as a cultural event. The first significant festival was the symbolic Ox Wagon Trek in 1938, which celebrated the centenary of the Great Trek. The next important festival followed in 1949 as part of the inauguration of the Voortrekker Monument and shortly afterwards, the 1952 Van Riebeeck Tercentenary Festival took place. The next festival was the 1966 Republic Festival, which celebrated the fifth anniversary of the creation of an independent South African Republic. The aim of this article is to investigate the different festivals in an attempt to understand their basic characteristics and underpinning motives. In the process, the article categorises the different festivals to understand their institutional and functional statuses. The focus is on the 1966 Republic Festival, and the article attempts to answer the question whether that Festival was an independence festival, a volk (folk) festival,1 a pageant or even a military parade.

Suid-Afrikaanse Nasionale feeste, 1938-1966 met ‘n beklemtoning van die 1966-Republiekfees

Gedurende die dekades rondom die Tweede Wêreldoorlog (1939-1945) is verskeie feeste in Suid-Afrika georganiseer om ʼn bepaalde gebeurtenis te herdenk, om die land se onafhanklikheid te vier of bloot net om ʼn kulturele geleentheid te vier. Die eerste betekenisvolle fees was die Simboliese Ossewatrek wat in 1938 gehou is om die Groot Trek te gedenk. Die volgende belangrike fees was die inwyding van die Voortrekkermonument in 1949. Dié fees is gevolg deur die 1952-Van Riebeeckfees drie jaar later. Die volgende fees was die 1966-Republiekfees, wat die vyfjarige herdenking van die republiekwording van Suid-Afrika was. Die oogmerk van hierdie artikel is om ondersoek in te stel na die onderliggende kenmerke van en motiverings vir die onderskeie feeste.

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/content/journal/10520/EJC-18e3e6d254
2019-07-01
2020-02-21

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