1887

n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - “Ek het uiteindelik op straat beland; dis ʼn harde lewe”:  uitdagings van kwesbare vroue wat alkohol of dwelms misbruik - research

Volume 59 Number 4
  • ISSN : 0041-4751
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Abstract

“Eventually I ended up on the street; it’s a hard life”: Challenges experienced by vulnerable women who abuse alcohol or drugs
There are a significant number of people who live under the breadline in South Africa. Especially women and children are vulnerable when they end up on the streets, owing to a number of reasons such as economic hardship and unemployment. Women are also often caregivers of their young children and to seek fulltime employment is not always feasible. Several of these vulnerable women resort to alcohol or drug abuse as a means to at least temporarily cope with their problems. It is usually social workers who render services to vulnerable groups and in this instance to vulnerable women. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges experienced by vulnerable women who abuse alcohol or drugs, in order to improve service rendering by social workers. There is an increase worldwide in the abuse of harmful substances. Although statistics indicate that more men than women succumb to substance abuse, affected women often do not seek help, owing to several factors such as the stigma attached thereto, and the lack of sufficient services to assist them. Research indicates that economic hardship could contribute to substance abuse. Little research has been done on the unique challenges facing vulnerable women who are prone to substance abuse. These women often end up on the street, heightening the risks of their falling prey to violence and sexual assault. The ecological perspective was chosen as a theoretical framework for this study as the different systems could shed light on the research question: “What are the challenges of vulnerable women who resort to substance abuse?” Stressful situations could contribute to a life of substance abuse. Especially women who leave their families for a life on the streets are suffering emotional stress. The three levels of the ecological perspective that were utilised were the micro, meso and macro levels.

Daar is wêreldwyd ʼn toename in die misbruik van alkohol- en/of dwelms. Dit is veral kwesbare vroue wat alkohol of dwelms misbruik, wat gespesialiseerde behandeling benodig. Die doel van die studie was om die uitdagings wat hierdie groep vroue die hoof moet bied, te ondersoek. Die ekologiese perspektief is as teoretiese raamwerk gekies. ʼn Kwalitatiewe studie met ʼn eksplorerende en beskrywende aard is gedoen om dié doel van die studie te bereik. Vyftien deelnemers is gewerf as steekproef vir die studie deur ʼn nieregeringsorganisasie. Die onderhoude wat met hulle gevoer is, is getranskribeer en in vyf temas verdeel, naamlik traumatiese kinderjare, teenspoed in die volwasse lewe, uitdagings in die omgewing, gebruik van alkohol of dwelms om die lewe te hanteer, en hoop. Data-verifikasie is ook gedoen. Etiese klaring is vir die studie verkry. Die gevolgtrekking van die studie is dat kwesbare vroue wat alkohol of dwelms misbruik, verskeie uitdagings in die gesig staar en gespesialiseerde intervensie benodig. Daar word aanbeveel dat meer navorsing gedoen word oor hierdie kwessie.

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/content/journal/10520/EJC-19f558bce4
2019-12-12
2020-02-21

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