n African Renaissance - The challenges of governance and institutional structure for sustainable water and food security : lesson for BRICS states

Volume 16 Number Special Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305



Countries around the world, particularly Africa, has remarkable scorecard in their efforts at improving the production of food with other agricultural commodities but the sustainability of Africa's agricultural development, food security and poverty reduction strategies remain a daunting challenge due to imminent water crises. Consequent on increase in its inhabitants, weather variability, poor water resource protection and conservation, lack of advanced technology for water treatment, inability to properly reduce water leakages, poor water resource management, and poor irrigation system, the availability of water for use is continuously reducing consequent on which prudent use and management of available water assumes critical importance for human and livestock sustenance. Although, importance of conservation and efficient use of water features prominently in plan documents, policy statements and discourses, more emphasis and pre-occupation continue to be placed overwhelmingly in favour of massive investments to augment the supply of water. Very little has been done in reforming the institutional capacities and capabilities structure with quality managerial competencies that can drive the expected improvement for successful transformation in the organisation and management of supply systems as well as in demand side management including the reformulation of policies that influence the attitude and practices at the users' end. While in principle, there is a general consensus that water resource sector needs all-inclusive view and management; and water being no more a free resource, there ought to be some clearly distinctive principle of water management. However there are, thus, considerable gaps between principles and practices which, in this circumstance, are mainly due to factors associated with lack of effective governance or mis-governance in water sector. Thus the main problem lies in the existing governance framework of water resource development, distribution and utilisation which this paper qualitatively addresses.

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