n African Renaissance - A critical analysis of the crisis of underdevelopment in Africa

Volume 16 Number Special Issue 3
  • ISSN : 1744-2532
  • E-ISSN: 2516-5305


This paper interrogates the circumstances under which the vicious cycle of underdevelopment and poverty in Africa have persisted despite decades of attempts by African states to fast track development and overcome the menace. In their attempts to get to the root cause of the problem, scholars of the Dependency School and of the Liberal School are sharply divided in their views. While the Dependency School blames the developed capitalist countries for African underdevelopment, the liberal school implicates endogenous factors as the root cause of the economic plight of Africa. The paper contends that, whatever the case, much of the blame for African underdevelopment in the post-colonial era can be apportioned to African political leaders who engage in reckless spending of public funds, corruption and planlessness. It is recommended that what is urgently needed in Africa is attitudinal change on the part of leaders in such a way that will guarantee the prudent and effective utilization of the resources of their countries and confront the challenges of development in the present millennium.

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