n Journal of Nation-building & Policy Studies - Vote buying syndrome in 2019 election : a threat to modern democracy in Nigeria

Volume 3 Number 2
  • ISSN : 2516-3124
  • E-ISSN: 2516-3132



The research examines factors that encourage and stimulate the culture of vote buying in Nigeria electoral process. It will also examine the implications of vote buying on the development of modern democratic values. Because of the complex nature of vote buying, the study makes use of qualitative techniques in the analysis of data. The data were collected using secondary method and the tools of content analysis were used to analyze the data generated. One of the greatest threat to the promotion and sustenance of principles of free, fair and credible elections in Nigeria is the strategic use of money, material and resources by political actors to influence the outcome of an election and the political choice of voters. The research reveals that vote buying is a means to an end to determine who gets what, when and how in the electoral process and structure. In 2019 election, under the guise of militarization, ballot box snatching and electoral violence, vote buying norms and tactics were strategically implemented and consolidated. Thus, vote buying provides the mechanism for self-seeking, unpopular and incompetent actors to win elections at all strata of the political system. Hence it has become an instrument of deceit and manipulation carried out with a clear vision and goal in mind. The study concludes that vote buying is a catalyst that determines who gets the highest or lowest number of votes in an election, when and how. Therefore, we recommend that the ban on the use of smart phones by voters in the voting cubicle be strictly implemented by security operatives and electoral officers.

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