oa Africa Journal of Public Sector Development and Governance - Capacity building through public institutions of higher learning : a case study of Namibia

Volume 2 Number 1
  • ISSN : 2617-7714



Namibia is situated in the south-western part on the African continent and borders Angola to the north, South Africa to the south, Botswana to the east and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The Republic of Namibia was the last country in Africa at that time (1990) to gain its independence (Worldometers 2019; UNICEF undated). With a current population of about 2 646 376 million people, Namibia is one of the least densely populated countries in the world; averaging about 2.5 persons per square kilometre (World Population Review 2019). Although the population density is very low, the majority of the population is found in the north-central area along the border shared with Angola. The country has 14 different cultural groups and 22 indigenous languages, with English as the official language (Ethnologue 2018). Agriculture, mining, fishing and tourism are the most important sectors of the economy (Humavindu and Stage 2013). According to the World Bank, Namibia’s Gross National Income per capita is US$ 10 550 (Namibian Dollar / R 150 000), expressed in purchasing power parity (World Bank 2018). The World Bank, therefore, has placed Namibia in the upper-middle income group of countries. However, this fails to take into account the huge disparity in wealth and the ethnic divide which accounts for many of the developmental challenges that some sections of the population face (World Bank 2018).

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