oa South African Journal of Geology - The marine Neogene Saldanha Formation

Volume 78 Number 2
  • ISSN : 1012-0750
  • E-ISSN: 1996-8590



The middle Miocene Saldanha Formation is encountered at isolated localities onshore between Cape Town and Port Nolloth. Offshore the equivalent deposits are more widespread. The formation is characterized by shallow marine phosphatic sandstone and a marine microsphorite. At Ysterplaat the Saldanha Formation bears casts of intertidal and infratidal mollusc shells. Deposition is thought to have taken place in warmer, transgressive Neogene Seas.

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