oa Africa Journal of Public Sector Development and Governance - The impact of independent members of parliament in multi-party democracies : the Ugandan case - research

Volume 2 Number 2
  • ISSN : 2617-7714



The prominence of political parties as the most appropriate organs for the aggregation of people’s interests and the proper channel for attainment of parliamentary seats may diminish if the trend and interest in non-party candidature continues to grow in developing countries. The phenomenal rise of independent candidates is attributed to the decline in partisanship (Berglund, Holmberg, & Schmitt 2005), the rise of anti-party sentiments (Belanger 2004), internal party democracy flaws, dissatsfaction, personal and selfish reasons, and factionalism. In Uganda, it is widely believed it is as a result of resentment of parties arising from disputes in party primaries. It has continually been evidenced by the number of Independent Members of Parliament (IMPs) who make it to parliament that the independent candidates have been doing well in elections and performing actively in parliament. The number of IMPs in Uganda’s parliament has steadily been rising, from 38 in the Eighth Parliament, to 43 in the Ninth Parliament and now, to 69 in the Tenth Parliament (Parliament of Uganda 2019). The 69 IMPs in the Ugandan parliament are greater in number than the official opposition, which stands at 38.

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