n In die Skriflig - North-West University conference : evil spirits in Africa - editorial

Volume 53 Number 4
  • ISSN : 1018-6441
  • E-ISSN: 2305-0853



Most churches in Africa, whether connected with Western Christianity or a result of indigenous developments, have developed an African character based on a worldview related to African traditional religion. Many of these churches emphasise the working of the Spirit, bringing the confrontation to an African spirit-filled world where spirit-possession traditionally formed an essential element. They interpret ideas of the Holy Spirit in light of both a holistic spiritual world and the Bible. The spiritual world consists of good and evil spirits of which both influence what happens in the lives of people and communities. Ways to manipulate the spirits for the welfare of the community and the individual are integral to African religion.

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