n Journal of Public Administration and Development Alternatives (JPADA) - Linkages of governance systems to sustainable development in Malawi and Zimbabwe during the 1990s : a comparative analysis

Volume 4 Number 2
  • ISSN : 2415-5446


The aim of this article is to discuss the linkages of governance systems to sustainable development drawing lessons from Malawi and Zimbabwe in the 1990s. The paper asserts that the 1990s was a distinctive and contested decade in both Malawi and Zimbabwe mainly for two reasons: (1) the unparalleled development and economic growth in Malawi; and (2), arguably, Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe’s first president, had totally lost control of the country’s economic and development policies due to rampant corruption and poor governance which led to economic surge. The article conducts comparative literature review and analysis of economic history sources and document, wherefrom it opines that the two countries’ conditions in the 1990s were intricately connected to external socio-economic and political factors. Zimbabwe’s 1990s crises can be attributed to Western-induced sanctions which were imposed as punishment for the country’s fast track land reform programme. Furthermore, the article explores and compares governance systems adopted by both governments in their desire to address the crises. To be precise, the article examines the linkages of ideologies of inclusiveness, economic blueprints, shared government, shared responsibility and shared prosperity, as good governance mechanisms, with sustainable development. Using the Rights-based Approach to governance, this article concurs that the 1990s crises in both countries cannot be tenably extricated from external interference.

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