n Acta Criminologica : African Journal of Criminology & Victimology - Economic impact and factors affecting sheep and goat theft in South Africa

Volume 32 Number 2
  • ISSN : 1012-8093


Livestock theft should be controlled successfully in order to sustain the South African livestock industry. The aim of the study was to estimate the financial impact of and to identify factors affecting sheep and goat theft in the KwaZulu-Natal Province of South Africa. Primary data was collected from 228 livestock farmers and Probit, Tobit and Truncated models were used to analyse the data. Results found that the direct cost of livestock theft amount to R 44 744 000 (US$ 3 359 159) in annual losses. Livestock guards were widely used and many of the guards were armed. The use of other measures against stock theft also seemed to be on the rise in reaction to sheep and goat theft in the KwaZulu-Natal Province. Regular counting of sheep and goats is recommended to farmers in KwaZulu-Natal, which action was linked to lower levels of goat theft. The study also recommends that there should be co-ordination and collaboration among all key role players in the industry. All role players’ target should be to eradicate or reduce stock theft and enhance controlling mechanisms in order to sustain food security, livestock competitiveness and achieve sustainable development.

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