n Obstetrics and Gynaecology Forum - Non-invasive diagnosis of endometriosis : the quest for a diagnostic biomarker - editorial

Volume 30 Number 1
  • ISSN : 1029-1962


Endometriosis is a common benign gynaecologic disorder, affecting 10% of reproductive-aged women. It is defined by the deposition and proliferation of the endometrial cells outside endometrial cavity. Endometriosis can be associated with infertility in 40%–50% of patients or pelvic pain in 50%, including cyclic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, dysuria, and dyschezia. Endometriosis does not only affect the adults who are planning to start a family but young girls who experiences severe dysmenorrhoea causing disruption in learning while causing severe pelvic organ damage. Severe pelvic endometriosis causes severe adhesions and impacts on fertility and quality of life for the women. The correlation between lesions and pain symptoms or infertility in endometriosis is poorly understood. Some patients with minimal disease on laparoscopy have debilitating pain, while other women with severe stage III– IV disease are asymptomatic.

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