n Plus 50 - Therapeutic value of Botox use in elderly patients - health

Volume 12 Number 2
  • ISSN : 1815-8994



Botulinum toxin (BTX), more commonly known as ‘Botox’, is a neurotoxin which is produced by bacteria called Clostridium botulinum. These bacteria are usually present on the surface of plants, in the soil and inside animal intestines. Once released, these toxins have the ability to block the clemency of acetylcholine, which is responsible for muscle contraction. This means that Botox can block the signals from nerve cells to the muscles. By temporarily paralysing these muscles, they become less stiff. Botulinum toxin is one of the most poisonous substances known to humankind, and infection with this bacterium (commonly referred to as botulism) may cause serious side effects, which can be life threatening.

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