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n Tydskrif vir Geesteswetenskappe - Operasie Packer, Maart-April 1988, Suidoos- Angola : Tumpo, Tumpo en nogmaals Tumpo!!! / Operation Packer, March-April 1988, South Eastern Angola : Tumpo, Tumpo and once more Tumpo!!!

Volume 57 Number 3
  • ISSN : 0041-4751
USD

 

Abstract

Operation Packer, March-April 1988, South Eastern Angola: Tumpo, Tumpo and once more Tumpo!!!

In addition to securing the União Nacional para a Independêcia Total de Angola (UNITA) strongholds at Mavinga and Jamba, Operations Modular, Hooper and Packer (1987–1988) also intended to destroy all Forças Armadas Populares de Libertação de Angola (FAPLA) brigades east of the Cuito River, or to drive them to the west across the river. During operations Modular and Hooper the South African Defence Force (SADF)-UNITA allies succeeded in effectively stopping the advance of the Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola (MPLA) allies. The primary objective to destroy all FAPLA brigades east of the Cuito River or to drive them across the river at least, could not fully be realised, however. During Operation Hooper, two failed attacks were launched on Tumpo within the scope of about two weeks – each time from the same direction or line of advance. This article focuses on the third and final South African Defence Force (SADF)-UNITA attack on Tumpo and the claim by Colonel Jan Breytenbach, former commander of 32 Battalion, that “By early the next morning [23 March 1988] they had driven the 25th Brigade from their positions and taken Tumpu [sic]. This clearly demonstrated that well planned, well led and well coordinated night [sic] attacks by well trained infantary seldom fail.”

Operasies Moduler, Hooper en Packer (1987–1988) het, benewens die beveiliging van die União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola/Nasionale Unie vir Volkome Onafhanklikheid vir Angola (UNITA)-vestings Mavinga en Jamba, beoog om alle Forças Armadas Populares de Libertação de Angola/Die leër van die Angolese MPLA-regering (FAPLA)-brigades oos van die Cuito-rivier te vernietig of ten minste weswaarts oor dié rivier te verdryf. Tydens Operasies Moduler en Hooper kon die Suid-Afrikaanse Weermag (SAW)- UNITA-bondgenote daarin slaag om die FAPLA-bondgenote se aanmars effektief te stuit. Die primêre doelwit om alle FAPLA-brigades oos van die Cuito-rivier te vernietig of ten minste oor die rivier te verdryf, kon egter nie verwesentlik word nie. Tydens Operasie Hooper is twee mislukte aanvalle binne die bestek van sowat twee weke op Tumpo geloods – elke keer vanuit dieselfde rigting of aanmarslyn. Hierdie artikel fokus op die derde en laaste SAW-UNITAaanval op Tumpo en die aanspraak van kolonel Jan Breytenbach, oud-bevelvoerder van 32 Bataljon, dat “By early the next morning [23 March 1988] they had driven the 25th Brigade from their positions and taken Tumpu [sic]. This clearly demonstrated that well planned, well led and well coordinated night [sic] attacks by well trained infantary seldom fail.” Verskeie dominante faktore het egter die derde aanslag op Tumpo gekelder: ʼn Gebrek aan kreatiewe denke deur bykans dieselfde aanvalsplan en aanmarslyn van die mislukte tweede Tumpo-aanval te herhaal; die gebrek aan ʼn oorwoë logistieke stelsel (byvoorbeeld die tekort aan diesel en meganiese paraatheid van voertuie en toerusting); deeglik verskansde en toegeruste FAPLAmagte; ontoereikende intelligensie (veral betreffende die tweede mynveld); bykans onbegaanbare sanderige en digbeboste terrein; onbemande observasieposte; grotendeels onvoldoende voorbereiding en opleiding van burgermageenhede; die gespanne en gebrekkige vertrouensverhouding tussen burgermageenhede en SAW-staandemagoffisiere; en internasionale druk om uit Angola te onttrek.

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2017-09-01
2020-09-22

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