n Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa - Confused about confusion : is there still a distinction between primary and extended trade mark infringement?

Volume 50 Number 1
  • ISSN : 0010-4051


The Trade Marks Act 194 of 1993 created three new forms of infringement commonly known as primary infringement, extended infringement, and finally, infringement by dilution. Here, I consider whether the distinction between the first two forms of infringement still exists.

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