n South African Journal of Plant and Soil - Phenotypic characterisation of potato (Solanum tuberosum) genotypes in Uganda - research

Volume 35 Number 3
  • ISSN : 0257-1862
  • E-ISSN: 2167-034X
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Identification of genetic variation and interrelationships among germplasm collections is essential for parental selection and trait identification among parents for use in breeding programmes. The aim of this study was to characterise 48 potato genotypes to identify suitable parents for crop improvement purposes. Genotypes were evaluated in the field using an alpha lattice design with three replications at the Kachwekano and Karengyere research stations in Uganda. Site had significant effects on genotype performance for all measured parameters. Genotypic effects were significant (p < 0.01) for total tuber yield, main stem number and plant height. The mean tuber yield for the two sites was 29.8 t ha−1 and tuber yield was higher in Kachwekano than Karengyere. The highestyielding genotype in Kachwekano was 396038.105 (54.5 t ha−1) and in Karengyere was NAKPOT5 (50.9 t ha−1). Significant positive correlations (p ≤ 0.001) were observed between tuber yield and plant height; duration of flowering, and days to flowering and plant height. The most stable genotypes with regard to tuber yield were Rutuku, 395112.32, 395017.14 and 393220.54. Cluster analysis revealed three principal clusters with nine subclusters. Variation for the different traits exhibited by genotypes in this study should be exploited in crop improvement programmes.

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